So, yeah, I vanished without a trace…..or at least not much of one!
But, like some of the dead, I am back!
And in time for ghosts and witches and vampires and other scary characters!!
Are you ready for some frights of truth?!?!?
We are going to explore some of the real stories and legends that have given rise to some of the scariest thrills shared year after year, sure to keep you sleeping with the lights on and double checking all your doors and windows at night!
From dark forests and remote villages across Europe and into America, we are set to find out the truth about tales that haunt our nightmares and delight our desire to scare each other.
Are there more to some ghost stories than just our eyes playing tricks on us? And what made witches so scary in our past? Do the dead really come back to ‘life’?
In addition to telling the tales with expected monsters of legend and lore, we are going to also share with you some scarier characters from the pages of history, that will make you question whom the real monsters are!
Gather your courage and pack up your wit as we set out to find the facts that scare us the most! Be scared of the shadows of the night, but be even more afraid of the ones in the day!
So while I have not been doing a lot of writing in quite awhile, I have still been doing a lot of reading, research, and following of others’ research and theories. I have, also, been working out my next pursuit in my head and on paper, so to speak. I have long thought that the “official” story of humanity has some major contradictions and errors in it. Even as a child, raised basically in a christian’ish belief system, I always had questions about things that made no sense to me or that did not seem to tell the whole story or answer all the questions that I had.
Questions like; if Adam and Eve were the first people then why did Cain need to be marked? Didn’t ALL the people (his family) already know who he was and what he did? And if everyone was going to descend from Adam and Eve then wouldn’t they all know who Cain was already? Of course some versions say that God sent them out to find wives, again if Adam and Eve were the first then where were they to go out to to find wives? And Noah, how was he supposed to fit pairs of ALL the animals in the world in his Ark? How was he supposed to get all the animals to his Ark? And again, if it is just Noah and his family (and different versions define the family in different ‘sizes’), where do wives after the flood come from?
Moving forward to school and studies the same half stories with glaring unanswered issues seemed to be more the norm than the exception. The most awful facet was the way that half-stories were not told as this is what we think, believe, or our best guess. Instead, it was stated as unquestionable fact that would beget harsh criticism and ostracization if it was indeed question or if the holes in the supporting facts were pointed out, some so big you could fly the Sun through.
Such ‘facts’ as the Sphinx was built at the same time as the pyramids, yet, while it has in known times spent most of its time covered up to it’s neck in sand, it is the most weathered and repaired of the structures on the plateau. Or that if the Great Pyramid was a tomb, why is it devoid of ALL things that identify tombs fit for pharaohs? If we have only been ‘civilized’ for between 5,000 to 8,000 years, then who built Gobekli Tepe? If we are so advanced and the ancients so unsophisticated from a technological point of view, why can we not easily replicate their famous works?
When we hear their stories of the heavens and the earth and heroes and disasters, why do we assume that they are just made up tales to serve totally abstract purposes? Why is it so easy for experts to dismiss the ancients as being ignorant, in spite of the fact that evidence to the contrary is all around us, from the ruins of ancient cities to their stories and languages? What makes a culture or people “advanced” or “civilized” or “technological”?
In the upcoming articles, I will be looking into Egypt as a possible key between what is now and what was before and is now hidden from our story. We will look at new theories about the Giza plateau. We will also explore megalithic structures from Egypt and the Mediterranean Region to the British isles. We will explore connections between the Egyptian language and cosmology and similar concepts in other cosmologies from the Dogon to Gobekli Tepe to Indian Stuppas. We will look into the study that concludes greater genetic relations between Ancient Egyptians and modern Britains than Ancient and modern-day Egyptians. We will ponder anomalies such as tobacco and cocaine found in Egyptian mummies and hieroglyphs found in Australian rock carvings. We will consider pyramids from Asia to the Americas. In addition, we will consider similarities between pieces of cave art, pectoglyphs and geoglphys. All this is just the beginning of the journey, so come along for the adventure!
And let’s see where this leads us and where we end up.
I believe in dragons, unicorns, fairies, and mermaids; not to mention, giants and elves, trolls and shape-shifters, heroes and demons. I also believe in places like Atlantis, Mu, and Punt. As I have stated before, I believe that we have barely scratched the surface of knowing, much less, understanding our own history. And since we do not know everything, how can we say with certainty that certain things never existed or claim without absolute proof that we understand the languages, words, and symbols handed down to us by our ancestors.
Simply put, We Can’t.
I know that admitting to believing in all the things listed above and more, most would consider me at least silly, if not a full fledged nut job. But, why? Because some teacher in some classroom told you that something didn’t exist. What was their proof? In most cases when we are told that something does not exist, the proof provided to support their claim is that there is no proof. Forgetting that the absence of proof does not in and of itself provide proof of nothing.
Ironically, history has taught us time and time again, that not believing in something, just because there is NO proof is usually a good way to have to eat your beliefs in the end. Mountain gorillas, rhinos, ‘hobits’, and komodo dragons all turned out to be real creatures and not just myths and tall tales to regal listeners! In addition we now have the physical remains of such legends as Homer’s Troy and the Vikings’ Vineland (Newfoundland) and the Bible’s Jericho. Yet, still we are more adamant than ever about our disbelief in things we have been taught don’t exist.
As part of the argument that these places and stories cannot be true, we are told that ancient peoples were superstitious, unknowing, scared lesser peoples that through their imagination created fantastical stories to explain things in nature that scared them and that they were unable to understand scientifically on such an evolved intellectual level as us today. The contradiction with this concept, is the following: first, it takes an intelligent mind to imagine and create, not the mind of a simple creature that is incapable of understanding the world around them; second, it tends to be the less intelligent mind that cannot fathom things beyond their understanding, that cannot accept those things as real that they cannot see and touch and feel for themselves. Thus, their argument falls flat when we remove our desire to believe that we are superior to those that came before us.
Part of the challenge of being able to access with as little bias as possible those people and places and events that came before us, is to overcome the arrogant belief that we in our current form are the best, smartest, most advanced we have ever been. For even recent history teaches us that empires rise and fall and that great persons gain great status and then fall into obscurity. Life nor history is a straight line always leading to better and higher success.
I believe that it is the mission of those that most consider to be crazy or ‘out there’ to continue to provide the means by which we can truly seek the truth and then know and understand where we have been, where we are, and where we are going.
Throughout known history man has told fantastic stories of wonderful creatures and terrifying monsters. There are even depictions of creatures at ancient sites that some argue are representation of dinosaurs or other extinct creatures that supposedly the artisans would have no knowledge of. Of these mythical creatures, one of the most beloved is the unicorn. In modern romanticize versions this majestic creature has all the characters of a horse with a spiral shaped horned. But what is the actual basis for the unicorn?
The word unicorn is from the Latin unicornis or unicornium, which means basically a beast with one horn. This is opposed to a bicornis, which is a beast that has two horns. One need only to look at the scientific names of rhinoceros to see that unicorns are scientifically real. The Asian One-Horned Rhinoceros is Rhinoceros unicornis.
Now it can be pointed out that the modern-day Rhinos do not have horns that are ‘a cubit and a half in length’. However, what might have their horns looked like hundreds or thousands of years ago? Or what might other species of rhinos or similar animals have looked like? There is a creature that scientists have claimed became extinct hundreds of thousands years ago, or before the ‘history of man’ and thus would be unknown to modern man or to ancient historians. This ‘pre-historic’ creature known to science as Elasmotherium sibiricum, is more commonly known as the Siberian Unicorn. This creature according to experts died out over 350,000 years ago.
These creatures are more a cross between mammoths and rhinos. So they were big hairy beasts of the grasslands. They roamed large areas of Siberia. This new find will give scientists more information about the survival of certain animals in the midst of environmental changes. This information could help protect other species in the future.
We have grown up with tales told at bedtime that include all sorts of wonderful and scary creatures, some are warm and furry, others are ugly and mean, and still others defy imagination. Some of them are tricksters, others are mischievous, some are helpful and others are not very nice at all. We did meet some of the scary creatures of the night last month; so maybe it is nice to meet some creatures that are not so scary that we should be wary.
One of the interesting things that you find when you start looking at our wonderful ancient knowledge, left to us from the rich cultures of times past, are all the over-laps and similarities. Not only are the story-lines similar, but, also the qualities of the characters involved seem to resemble one another. Several of the creatures included in the ancient stories are very similar to us in appearance. Some of the creatures that resemble us include giants, elves, fairies, leprechauns and gnomes, just to name some.
For now, let’s take a look at those creatures found in lore and myth that are known, more commonly today, as Gnomes.
Most of us have seen these whimsical creatures in the gardens and yards of many a green-thumb. But have you ever wondered why? According to modern folk-lorists, the gnome is a fairly recent fantasy creature. The credit for the first use of the term gnome goes to the Swiss Alchemist Paracelsus. Paracelsus uses the word in his discussion of Elementals; describing gnomes as earth spirits, whom lived underground and could walk through solid soil as easily as we walk through air. He describes them as two spans high and shy of humans. Some thought that Paracelsus used the word gnomes from the New Latin genomos meaning earth-dweller or others that he was referencing the Greek gnosis which means knowledge, considering the qualities attributed to gnomes it seems that he might have used both words knowingly.
In hunting for these shy small creatures in the scenes of our lores and myths we come across many beings that are too similar in their appearance and features to truly be different entities. There are Germanic dwarfs, as well as, Greek chthonics. There are also Chalybes, Telchines and Dactyls whom possess characteristics in common with our gnomes. There is the belief that gnomes and dwarfs have the same origins and that goblins are an off-shoot of gnomes and dwarfs.
So what do our gnomes look like if we search the world over…..just like us. Just as people dress or have some different features from location to location so do our gnomes, but look beneath that and common features are what you find. First the creatures are always small, they are mostly males and appear old with beards. They dwell in the earth. While they are rarely seen, in most cases they are benevolent to man. It is believed that they protect treasure, either mines or things buried deep in the earth, or the treasure of good crops and healthy livestock. They are considered to have supernatural strength and speed. While they seem to be spread far and wide, they do not possess global features; though the most common include, red hats and simple clothing, possessing human intelligence and personalities, and the Sun’s rays turning them to stone. Other sources say that they spend the day as toads, instead of turning to stone. While older sources give descriptions that are uglier and more akin to today’s view of goblins. They are also, many cases that considered them to be creatures of the night, thus any or all help they provided was preformed at night. So let us travel the legends of the world and see what surprises we find!
The strongest beliefs in our gnomes seem to be broadest and longest lasting in Northern Europe, from the Alps to the North Pole and from Prussia to Iceland. While the name varies from the kaukis of Prussia and nisse of Denmark and Norway to the tomte of Scandinavia and the vættir of Iceland, the gnome has been part of life and lore for all memory. So honored are then in Iceland that roads are routed around areas that are believed to be the dwelling places of vættir. The Scandinavian gnomes, seem to be more centered around farms, hence their name of tomte from tomt or farm. The tomte are believed to be the first dweller of the farm and it is believed that the tomte has their dwelling place located within the burial mound of the farm. The name tomte is credited to St. Birgitta of the 14th Century, which is tonttu in Finish. It is believed that they lived for 400 years and that the females only gave birth once and usually to twins. The Danish nisse is clean shaven wearing grey and red woolen clothes, about 1840 he became the ‘Julenisse‘ bearing Christmas gifts. The new tradition spread across the north and in 1881 Swedish painter Jenny Nystrom gave the image for the ‘Jultomte‘. The Finish ‘Joulupukki‘ identified the Joul-tonttu with his goat companion, although other sources include a horse or cat and sled. This new job for the Scandinavian gnome compliments the older practice of leaving out a gift such as a bowl of porridge on Christmas night to thank the tomte, else he leave the farm or cause mischief.
In the Netherlands our gnome is known as kabouter. And supposedly they taught a shoemaker how to make wooden shoes and could be household spirits instead of just underground dwellers. Yet, in Germany, it is believed that the mythological German dwarfs gave rise to gnomes with the incursion of Nordic culture. Rubezal, the lord of the underworld, was sometimes said to be a mountain gnome. Therefore, it is not surprising that it was German ingenuity that gave rise to the modern popularity of the garden gnome statues, by Phillip Griebel from Grafenroda in Thuringa. Continuing south to the Alps between France and Switzerland the gnome has retreated to remote caves high above the tree-line. These, barbegazi, ancient French from ‘barbe‘ and ‘glacee‘ meaning frozenbeard, are dormant in the summer and come out to enjoy the snow in the winter. Due to their winter activities, the barbegazi are said to be covered with long white hair and have huge feet that are perfect for the snow, acting as snowshoes or skis. The gnomes, just like their northern cousins are very human shy, yet benevolent as they have been known to warn people of avalanches or to round up lost sheep and return them to their shepherds. Their warning is said to be a whistle that could be mistaken for the wind; this would support other stories that claim that gnomes have magical songs as well as having invisibility and shape-shifting abilities.
Not all the gnomes in the stories are nice, the Spanish Duende (Duwende, in the Philippines), which appears in stories from Spain and Portugal to Central and South America seems to be more goblin than their Northern European counterpart. The prime commonality is in its name, which originates from dueno meaning the real owner of the house. Duende are short, ranging from 1’3″ to 4’6″ in height, ugly, hairy with long teeth and arms wearing big hats and animal skins or red and green clothes. One of their unique features is that their feet are reversed with pointed heels. The behavior of the duende appears similar to the British hob or boggle. Living primarily in houses and causing mischief or harm to people.
If you would like to learn more about the gnome or other mythical creatures please check out the links below.
As we have seen, there are many creatures that are neither living nor dead. The number of such creatures lends to many beliefs. First, that their are many creatures that defy our understanding. Second that there is something after or more than this life. Third, that the natural and supernatural overlap each other. So let us continue our venture into the land of the night and the realm of the undead…..
We will travel to the Caribbean and the Island of Hispaniola, the country of Haiti, the land of Voodoo.
Across the beautiful tropical isles of the Caribbean is a complex and intriguing mix of Christianity and the ancient religions of Africa. Voodoo is one of the major old practices of the region. Zombi, a possible origin of the word Zombie, is actually a West African deity. Another version of the origin is the use of the Kongo or Dahomey word nzambi or soul. Once mixed with Haitian Voodoo the word became zombi.
According to Voodoo, the body can die one of two ways. The first is a natural death which is just as it sounds, from illness or very old age, the second is unnaturally, murder or tragically, before their time. When that happens, the soul is stuck waiting by the grave for the gods to allow them to move on.
During this time the soul and the body are vulnerable. It is when this happens that a boko(r) or powerful sorcerer can literally bottle up the person’s soul and thus control both parts of the victim, body and or soul. Most Voodoo practicers do not fear zombies, they fear becoming one!
Can one really become a zombie? According to researcher, Wade Davis, the answer is YES!
Davis has written 2 books The Serpent and The Rainbow and Passage of Darkness. In his research Davis claims that he found a powder/drug that can create a zombie. This powder or drug is a neurotoxin called tetrodotoxin. Which could create a death like state in a victim, whom could later be ‘stolen’ from their grave and revived. Thus, creating the legend of the zombie, by creating an actual Zombie.
So beware of Boko(r)’s offering gifts of food or drink this Hallow’s Eve!!!!!
It seems that the night is full of things that we do not see in the light. And it is those things, that it seems, we have been taught to fear, through the ages. All those bumps and thumps, all those shadows and whispers, even the creaks and moans of the night send shivers down our spines. Why is it that we fear the creatures of the night?
Even older than the tells of vampires and ghouls are the legends of were-creatures or shape-shifters. Creatures that by choice, design or fated curse have the power and or ability to change the form of their appearance. For those that were always shape-shifters the power to change their outward appearance is something they do at will. It seems that they usually take the form of an animal, bird or even sea creature, as suits their needs, at the moment. Those shape-shifters that seem to be merciful and or helpful seem to not take forms that would scare us. Yet, it has been known that others are not so kind.
There are creatures that have been cursed, usually by an encounter with a were-creature, that sentences them to a life of torture and solitude. According to some of the lore, one becomes a were-creature by being bitten or scratched by a were-creature. This of course raises the question of where the first were-creature came from, if you must be bitten or scratched by one to become one.
The most famous were-creature is the werewolf or lycanthrope. There are many legends from the Fox tribe of the Americas to the Epic of Gilgamesh that contain references to wolf-man or man-wolf creatures. In addition, Ovid and the Icelandic Sagas contain the werewolf within their lines. In some stories, such as the Fox tribe lore, the ability of man to become wolf was a gift; however, in other lore, such as with Ovid, it was punishment from the gods for bad behavior.
There are many accounts of persons be tried for being a werewolf. Some of these cases we can now more intelligently reassess as serial killers, which steals Jack the Ripper’s fame as the first. And some of these cases were simply the over zealous furor of the witch hunters!
We may never know the true origin of the story, but it seems that if it were merely a tale that it would have lost its appeal by now. So what is the truth that keeps this legend alive? For, I believe there must be some truth, more than just the lure of a good tale, by the fire, in the dead of night, that keeps us looking up at a full moon and peering into the darkness, searching the shadows, for those things that go bump, in the night…..
I would like to add that there some other undead beings or creatures that roam around:
Wights. Wights are not unlike skeleton warriors; but they are fallen lords, dukes and such nobles, who have been placed in a barrow and which their battle gear and wealth was stored with them. These barrows are protected by powerful enchantments. These nobles are more powerful than skeletons and are normally found leading groups of skeletons or zombies.
Azeman. The Azeman originate from South America. They take the form of a human female during the day but at night they transform into a bat. The Azeman fed by draining the blood of their victims. Azeman are obsessed with counting, and if seeds are scattered on the floor she will stop to count them all. It is thought that some of the modern vampire lore comes from the Azeman, which are South American versions of the European vampires.
Banshee. Banshees are restless spirits of evil witches and females. Their spirits live on in the material world, because they fear to cross into the void where they will face punishment for their deeds. The Banshee’s appearance is varied, they are usually seen as a skull with hair and a flowing dress; they float above the surface of the ground. As banshees are ethereal creatures like ghosts they have the power to move through walls. Banshees are well known for their howls of despair, this howl of the banshee is meant to bring death to those who hear it.
One of the most prolific scares of the dark is that of encountering the undead! The most famous of the undead is the vampire, but, they are not the only undead that lurk in our shadows and imagination. Several happenings caused the vampire to become widespread in history; not the least of which was the fact that people were accidentally burying the living. The methods for pronouncing a person dead were not accurate or reliable….matter of fact, so common was the misdiagnosis, especially, during cholera outbreaks, that a string was tied around the finger or foot of a newly buried corpse and attached to a bell above ground, so that if the person awoke and panicked they could be heard and hopefully dug up in time, giving birth to the phrases “Saved By The Bell” and “Graveyard Shift”.
Of the other undead roaming in the dark are ghouls and zombies, which seem not to mind the sun, unlike other undead. Ghouls are some of the scariest of the undead, maybe cause they are not as well known as their more famous counterparts. They are also reminiscent of vultures. The ghoul is an ugly creature, who’s appearance represents his true nature. They have long dirty, claw like nails. Their bodies more resemble those of a dog than a human. Most accounts have them with distorted gaits, attributed to all the time they spend in tunnels and other low ceiling dwellings of the dead. However, in a gory way, the ghoul has a specific and sometimes much needed niche in the cycle of death. The ghoul scavenges the dead, he feeds on the flesh of the departed. Want to know more? Mr. Robert Lamb has written a very informative article on Ghoulology 101 that I certainly cannot improve upon and is very worth the read if one finds one’s self in need of ghoul knowledge.
The next of the undead are the zombies. These poor hapless creatures are humans that either through virus or contact or curse were transformed into mindless masses that seek out healthy living humans and attack them. Thus, zombies play on the taboo of cannibalism. Ironically, many ancient cultures believed in the consumption of your enemy. Consuming his blood and or heart as a means to take his strength into your own body. The blood was considered sacred as the source of life or one’s life force. And long before the compilation of Grey’s Anatomy the heart was considered the house of the soul. Even today those things of emotions and more are attributed to the heart, even though medicine tells us it is merely a muscle.
The rock star of the undead world is the lord of the night, the beguiler of innocents, the predator extraordinaire….commonly known as Vampire! (Although I am pretty fond of Frankenstein)
While modern day lore seems to give most credit of the myth of the vampire to Bram Stroker, there have been legends and myths and tells of demons or predators or creatures that are more powerful, faster, and more cunning than regular men. Creatures that seem to never age and appear to be immortal, whom survive by feasting on the blood of living creatures, namely man. But where did these legends originate? And what makes a creature a vampire?
In today’s mythology of Hollywood, the vampire is etherally attractive and charming, is wealthy and powerful, heals extremely quickly and is very hard to kill. Some consider the vampire an undead while others consider them demons. As one strolls through the stories of the ancient past one can see where vampires have always existed. From Shezmu of Egypt, to demons of Greece and Rome, right into the nightmares of Victorian times.
It is that time of year again! The air is crisp and the leaves are turning colors. The harvest is ready and the feasts are being prepared!
Do you have your pumpkins ready for carving? Are your treats handy to prevent the tricks? Are your offerings for the spirits and your ancestors your best?
I hope so!
Have you ever truly wondered why we do the things that we do during this time of year? Our rituals, practices, and stories and where they all come from?
I do. So, I thought being the season, that we might look at how our ancients saw this time of year and how that still lingers in our current society and rituals.
Why do we tell ghost stories?
What did the ancients think of ghosts?
What did ancients do with their dead?
Why they did the things they did?
What did ancients think about death?
What about what happens after death?
As for this time of year…. What did our ancestors think about the cycle of the seasons? What did the ancients think of the coming darkness and cold? What did they think about the coming winter? What did having long periods of darkness through fall and winter mean to them? How did shorter days impact their daily lives during autumn and winter?
When thinking about the ‘holidays’ of this time of year what was the purpose? Why did the ancients celebrate the harvest? Why did our ancestors honor and celebrate their ancestors? Were they guided from loyalty and love or was it fear that moved them?
Speaking of fear…..Who told the first ghost story? When and why was it told? How long have we believed in ghosts? When and where did we create demons? Who was the first ghost? Who was the first demon? Why do we seem to like being scared? Why do we believe in ghouls and goblins and other spectres? Have we always been afraid of the dark?
Do you know…..Why we ‘Trick-or-Treat’? What is a Jack-O-Lantern? What happens on All Hallow’s Eve? Why are bonfires so popular this time of year? What about bobbing for apples? Why do we wear costumes and take to the streets for treats and parties? Is the Boogie Man more active this time of year?
I think it will be fun, if maybe a little scary, to study the spooks and haunts and bumps in the night over the next few weeks so that we might be better in the spirit of the season…….least the spirits be not pleased with us!!!
The Great Flood is marginalized by many academics which is a shame. The definition of great and or global seems to be what inhibits them from being able to pursue the story that has been remembered by peoples all over the world as more than just a story. I have to say, to be honest I am sometimes surprised that we have managed to learn as much as we have considering how limited the view of academics can be.
There have been various investigations into finding Noah’s flood. There are several major stories that have been used to guide searchers for the proof of this global flood. In addition to Noah, we have the Epic of Gilgamesh, the tales of Atlantis and Lemuria, and the oddities of Tiahuanco. However, sometimes, even the fringe investigators with a focused passion can get as narrow-viewed as the ‘mainstream academics’. Where the academic denies everything that seems to be outside the normal and mundane annals of approved history, the fanatic can do the opposite in that everything points to or proves their passion. Again we are back to the issue that instead of letting the evidence tell us the tale, we tell the tale using only the evidence or part of the evidence that supports our tale or force the evidence to suit us.
Here is another thought about a great worldwide flood; what if there were several huge regional floods. As we know from the Tsunami of 2004 something that is a non-global event can effect WHOLE cultures and thus be remembered as a culturally global event. Maybe if the same approach or openness is applied to the world’s many flood stories then we can understand more of our pre-history.
One of the main issues that academics point to against the single global flood event is that the dates for Plato’s Atlantis and Biblical Noah and Sumerian Gilgamesh are varied. In my opinion that just makes the search more interesting. Cause now we have the chance to find a global/biblical flood or to find floods that created culturally global memories. If we look at the searches that seekers have made we are given options for how the story or stories might play out.
1) For Noah’s Flood, of which there is a very good book by the same name, there has been research that shows that about 5,450BCE, the Black Sea was roughly 100m lower than today’s shorelines. And there is an almost perfect death line in the depths where differing waters collided.
2) For Atlantis there seems to be evidence of sudden flooding with the collapse of an inland lake due to the ending of the last Ice Age, in what is present day Canada about 9,500BCE, which corresponds exactly with Plato’s account.
3) As for oddities like Tiahuanco, which could date from about 11000 – 15000 years ago based on mathematical and astronomical calculations, there is the collapse of Lake Livingston in frozen North American that could have been the first flooding at the ‘end’ of the last Ice Age or more specifically the end of the Older Dryas.
These are just a few of the mysteries that can be explored to give us new and amazing insight into what might have been before our accepted history, or even what might have led to what we consider our accepted history.
Time is a cycle of beginnings and endings, ups and downs, dawns and dusks. Civilizations have arisen out of nothing and descended into oblivion. Empires have conquered the known world and crumbled to rubble. Peoples have traveled beyond the edge of the world and disappeared from history. However, just like you cannot stop the march of time it seems that you cannot completely and totally destroy history either. It can be broken and shattered and scattered into the darkness, but it still remains. It will be found, the only question will be how long it takes to share its secrets and reveal the truth. In some cases the problem isn’t in the remains being shattered or broken or uninterpreted but in the inability and or unwillingness of the finder to understand.
Here are some of the Lost Cities that seem to refuse to completely sink into the darkness of forgotten time;
1) Lemuria or Mu – – Believed to have been located in the current area of the Pacific Rim. By some accounts this ancient city was as old as 78,000 years ago. Those accounts also claim that the civilization last for 52,000 years and met its demise in a pole-shift that occurred 24,000 years ago.
2) Atlantis or Poseid – – This is probably the most known of the ancient lost civilizations. Believed to have been in the Atlantic and by some accounts was a large Archipelago. The first historical accounts come from Plato. By his accounts the city was destroyed by floods and fires around 9,000 BCE, this would coincide with the end of the last Ice Age and thus makes it a plausible memory of antediluvian times.
3) Rama Empire of India – – including the city of Harappa. Excavations at the site have shown advanced city planning, that includes plumbing and sewage. There are also some findings that are unusual by accepted historical knowledge, such as, the presence of high amounts of radiation.
4) Osirian – – An ancient Mediterranean civilization, that is believed to have existed prior to the Great Flood. It is believed to have been located in the Mediterranean Sea, which wasn’t a sea during the last Ice Age. Some theory claims that the Nile flowed all the way to Sicily and Malta where it emptied into an ancient lake that possibly extended to the Straits of Gibraltar before emptying into a much shallower ‘Atlantic’ Ocean.
5) Uiger – – Believed to have been located in the current area of the Gobi Desert, there are signs of ocean ports indicating that it might have existed when sea levels and coasts were different from today’s. There are other beliefs that this city might have been part of Lemuria, possibly the Hsi Wang Mu or the place of the ancient ones as Lao Tzu claimed, the place of the Elders of Lemuria.
6) Tiahuanaco – – According to myth this was the ‘capital’ of the famed Viracocha. The ruins suggest several interesting ideas; first that at one time the whole Altiplano of Lake Titicaca was underwater, not just water but seawater, also that as large as the lake is currently at some time in the past it was larger as Tiahuanaco has port areas, even though it is currently about 12 miles from the current shore of the lake.
7) Ethiopia – – There have been stories of a Lost Tribe of Israel and Ethiopia is one of the proposed locations for this lost tribe. Ethiopia is one of the locations where there is megalithic construction. Also there are villages in Ethiopia where very ancient forms of Judaism are practiced. And there is also the belief by many that Ethiopia is also the current home of the Ark of the Covenant from the Bible.
Some experts will tell you that these ‘cities’ are made up stories. That ‘we’ didnt have the ability to build cities until 5,000 years ago. Some experts I do believe could trip and fall into the middle of the ruins of Atlantis and would still deny its existence! But this is an open mind zone, so we will be looking into the stories of these cities and see what if anything we can find and learn. I am of the opinion that if these were JUST stories they would have faded with time and as we have mentioned previously Troy was just part of Homer’s wonderful imagination and now it is an actual location!