Questions Most Pondered

Top-10As I stated in my previous post, I have always had questions about the facts that have been taught and that have been repeated over and over again for decades. Facts that didn’t seem to make sense when combined with other facts. Or anomalies that got rejected for no other reason than at the time of discovery they were singular or supposedly singular finds. Add to this the arrogance with which modern scholars dismiss past stories as the ignorant imaginings of lesser men, judged such for no other reason than being from an earlier time. Coupled with the dismissing of oral histories and traditions simply because they are oral. And the dismissing of heroes and demi-gods and or times of gods living among men as not factual, more so based on our use and concept of those words than on any true evidence.

So as the title implies, I am going to share with you some of my most pondered questions. They are not in any specific order. For I believe that they are all, in their own way, of equal importance to our understanding of our past and our hope for our future.

Why are their 2 distinct construction designs visible at Giza if everything was built during the same dynasty?
If you observe closely all the structures of Giza, you will notice that a handful of structures are constructed using blocks that are much larger than even the 2 to 5 ton blocks that comprise a majority of the construction of the plateau.

Machu_Picchu_PeruWhy do scholars refuse to believe the stories of ancient indigenous peoples who claim that they did not build certain places that they occupy?

One of the most widely known cases of scholars consistently giving credit to peoples that straight out said was not their’s to take are that of the Incas. There are numerous early sources that include statements of verifiable Inca nobility and religious sects that deny their people’s construction of all or parts of places like Cusco and Machu Pichu.

How knowledgeable and intelligent were past peoples, such as the Neanderthals and Denisovans?
There are theories that propose that Neanderthals were the primary artists of a majority of European cave art and that Denisovans were the constructors of Gobekli Tepe. One of the newest theories that has been years in the making is that they were also accomplished astronomers and may have used those skills to date specific times, possibly as a method of recording historic events.

Mapa_de_Borgia_XV
Africa is at the top.

Why did ancient cultures with geography skills and knowledge orient to South and today we orient to North?
In addition to this tidbit, there are also references to a singular ocean or sea, which when you view the Earth from the South Pole as opposed to the North, is a very accurate statement.

Does coming from Orion or Sirius or Pleiades mean coming from the stars or merely refer to celestial navigational points?
The least hi-tech method of navigation is celestial. To use the placement of the stars and constellations along with the rising and setting of the Sun and or Moon to track one’s course. Something that the ancients did very well and with high specificity.

Why do scholars hold so tight to the Out Of Africa theory, preaching it as fact?
While it can be supported that Africa has a very rich evolutionary history, we do not know for certain that it is the only such place or that it is as completely the whole of homo sapiens sapiens origins as scholars claim. If for no other reason than that we have not put one-quarter the effort into looking in any other location for the evidence that we have in Africa.

Gobekli Tepe Enclosures via aa com ti
Gobekli Tepe

Why did pre-historic cultures, supposedly with primitive rudimentary tools work with such complex layouts and gigantic stones in their buildings?
If you have watched any of the documentaries on the construction of any ancient structures of note, such as the Pyramids of Giza or Stonehenge or Gobekli Tepe, you will hear that it was all done with the most rudimentary tools and or pure hard-labor of man. Another comment that you might hear is from construction experts of our time that claim that such undertakings are basically impossible with all our machines and technology today. Forgetting all that, what logic made working with 2- to 10- to 40-tons plus blocks of stone necessary?

Linear_A_cup
Linear A 

Why do scholars limit civilization’s history to the last ~5000 years denying and even ridiculing the mere mention of things like Atlantis?
If you listen to the ancients that are given status and credit by the scholars, all of them speak of epochs of time before them that were of greatness in terms of the feats of men and the standards of living of the peoples of those long ago eras. Yet, scholar after scholar refuses to even consider that there has to be some truth to their stories.

When, where and why did writing begin?
We define writing as the systematic use of symbols to convey our thoughts and ideas and information without the use of oral expression. But, what really makes up a writing system? And with all the unknowns how do scholars decide that one set of symbols is absolutely writing and other symbols are not. Especially, if their only rebuttal is that some symbols predate the labeled fact of writing originating in Sumeria around 5000YAG.

How much truth and historic fact can really be found in the lines of myths?
Many a child has been so lured by the lines of a story as to become obsessed with proving that it is a real story. That very obsession is how we discovered Troy. So why not put more faith in the reality of our ancients histories by remembering that absence of proof is not proof of absence.

These and more are the questions that feed my curiosity and kindle my desire to know more. It is the desire to find the truth of our history and the journey of our ancestors that inspires me to write this blog. It is my hope that at least one of my articles inspires you to begin or continue your own curious journey for the truth.

Photo Credit: via workplacelanguages.com
via en.wikipedia.org
via wikimedia commons

From Giza to Gobekli Tepe

Puzzle pieces
Photo Credit: Cassi Merten

One of the things that interest me most and inspires me to learn more and read more and research more are the enigmas around us. Those pieces of the puzzle of our story that don’t fit nicely where we are told that they should fit and the pieces that are sitting off to the side cause the ‘experts’ are not quite sure what to do with them, they cannot deny them, but there is no room for them in their solid unbending version of history.

Our story should never be set in stone, it should be allowed to grow and change and shift as we learn more and more about where we come from and how we got where we are. We must remind ourselves that we have not searched every millimeter of dirt and earth, we have not preserved every manuscript, document, monument that recorded the histories and legends of our ancestors, worse, we have destroyed more of our story than we have ever preserved. So we should never judge as if we have or know it all.

Pillar 43 via phys org
Pillar 43 via phys.org

One of the most illustrious examples of this arrogance among respected experts concerns Dr. Zahi Hawass, the former Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs in Egypt. He has been pompously insistent about the Sphinx dating from ~3500BC; one of his primary arguments when someone suggests an older date due to geological finds or other evidence regarding the pit and monument, is the utter lack of any other comparable structure proven to be older not just in the region, but anywhere in the world…

Gobekli Tepe Enclosures via aa com ti
Gobekli Tepe via aa.com.ti

Well, Dr. Hawass…..I present Gobekli Tepe, dated and peer accepted to be at least ~11,500 years old. As the pictures show it also seems to out shine the Sphinx in size and skill, both technical and artistic; thus, based on the liner procession that you claim limits the ability of the Sphinx to be older than ~3500BCE, I do believe that you stand corrected.

Hancock Hawass YouTube Still
via YouTube

If you might wonder what the esteemed, Dr. Hawass, would say in a real challenge to the dating of the Sphinx with the supporting evidence of Gobekli Tepe, you can do a quick Google search for the Hawass – Hancock Debate with keywords Sphinx and Gobekli Tepe. If you follow up. please keep in mind that Dr. Hawass wielded more power than God as Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs of Egypt in the field of Egyptology, when it came to researchers seeking access to sites and artifacts and other documents and information curated and maintained by the Egyptian government and affiliated institutions and organizations.

As for what makes Gobekli Tepe so special….
Gobekli Tepe Site via Graham Hancock
via GrahamHancock.com

First, the site, itself, is absolutely amazing, there are dozens of circular enclosures that were built over the span of centuries covering the area. There are a couple theories about the alignment of the enclosures being astronomical in nature. And a new theory that uses Pillar 43 to show the compilation of historic ‘event markers’ using astronomical alignments (the most accurate means of dating any moment in time).

Secondly, there is the craftsmanship of some of the pillars in some of the enclosures that are advanced by our standards, and phenomenal when placed in the context of how we see man 10-15,000YAG. (See above) Some of the pillars are ~3m tall and single pieces of stone. Most of the art work is protruding reliefs, in case you are wondering, it is easier to create sunken reliefs on stone as you are working a positive image as opposed to protruding reliefs that require the crafter to work in the negative.

fertile_crescent_via NASA Earth Observatory
Fertile Crescent via NASA Earth Observatory

Next, the location of the site. Gobekli Tepe is located in southeastern Turkey, or ancient Anatolia, and by some providences in the Northern reaches of the Fertile Crescent. That being said, there are things that we have believed in the past that we do not believe anymore and why is not clear. First, place names have changed over time and by those writing about previous events. Most of our histories are not written by witnesses to either the events or exact locations and times of the events. Up until the middle ages most scholars believed that most of the place names of the Old Testament were places much further north than are believed today.

An example of this is the description of the Garden of Eden, which most modern scholars and laymen alike would tell you is located in Iraq, based on the flow of the Tiger and Euphrates Rivers, some will even suggest that the location is the bottom of the Persian Gulf due to the presence of extinct and now submerged river beds there, however, the accounts tell us that the 4 rivers flowed away from the Garden, thus it is the headwaters and not the deltas that should be sought when seeking the Garden…and the headwaters of the Tiger and Euphrates are north, in the Armenian Highlands, in the East Taurus Mountains.

Neolithic Farming via radiolemberg
Neolithic Farming via radiolemberg.com

Finally, the standing theory is that once man learnt to farm, roughly 10,000YAG according to dates in the Fertile Crescent region, then he had the time and resources to become ‘civilized’ or to build and create cities and societies, yet the dates and information from Gobekli Tepe counter that theory, there does not appear to be any major or even minor organized farming at the site prior to the confirmed dates of some of the believed earliest enclosures. (Not all the known enclosures have been excavated and or dated.) Thus, it cannot be said that Gobekli Tepe was built because the local men had time on their hands due to their new farming lifestyles.

So what was the purpose of the enclosures? And why at some point after their constructions were the enclosures systematically filled in and buried? How and why were the enclosures built in the middle of nowhere void of permanent settlements? Who built the enclosures and where did their skills of construction originate? Interestingly enough, some of the more precise and technologically advanced of the enclosures seem to be the oldest ones with the skill and level of excellence declining over the subsequent centuries; this is something that some will tell you is clear at Giza as well. And questions that we will be taking up in future articles and podcasts.

To learn more check out the official site of the research staff The Tepe Telegrams or pick up “Gobekli Tepe Genesis of the Gods” by Andrew Collins. 

Decrypting A Mayan Mystery

William Gadoury via CSA
William Gadoury via CSA

In the last few days there has been talk about the discovery of a new Mayan city by a schoolboy from Canada. William Gadoury has been interested in all things Maya for most of his young life. He has taken his interest seriously and used his curiosity and creativity to look for more understanding of the culture that stirs his imagination.

It has long been pondered about how the Maya chose the sites for some of their greatest cities. They are not near water sources. They are not along coasts. They are not along trade routes. They are not on grid patterns. They are not in open plains. They are not strategically impressive. Thus a question has plagued scholars for years; Why build cities in the middle of the jungle away from natural resources, especially water, and seeming to ignore all other logical rationale for human settlement? In most cases Mayan cities remained hidden and undisturbed of hundreds of years, due in part to the jungle having so completely reclaimed them. This adds another factor to the seeming illogical, irrational methods employed by a very intellectual culture in this area.

maya civilization-nwsisdmrc wordpress
via nwsisdmrc.wordpress.com

If we allow that the Mayans created their own calendar system, then they were incredibly intelligent and logical and rational, based on the mathematical skill required to create a calendar system that rivals our computer aided time-keeping in its accuracy. If we also allow that they and they alone built their cities, they were also incredibly skilled engineers and masons and artisans. Yet, between all these intelligent and skilled individuals their city locations seem beneath them based on logic and reason. It seems highly improbable that they did not see the need to have natural resources available for the masses, nor that they missed the need for defenses from regional enemies. Thus, it seems that one needs to look for some other more important reason for why their cities are placed in such unusual places.

Enter our young schoolboy from Canada. Mr. Gadoury studied the Madrid Codex and located 23 constellations that held enough importance to the Maya to be recorded. His theory was that the stars had great importance for the Maya, maybe even extreme importance. What William Gadoury decided to try was logically creative. He took the constellation maps and laid them over the area of Central America that was the Land of the Mayans and he found that the stars and cities matched.

maya-city-discovery-canada
via Canadian Space Agency

While, this in and of itself is significant in understanding the values and mental state of the Mayan elite, the best part was found in the 23rd constellation, which has 3 bright stars in its make up. When matching this constellation with known sites only 2 of the 3 stars has known complimentary sites. So Gadoury then used Google Earth to look at the area that matched the 3rd star without a matching known site. WOW! He found an area of the jungle canopy that was more uniform in shape than one would expect, unless it was covering something man-made.

As of yet, the site has not publicly been the object of a LiDAR search. So, while, Armand LaRocque, an honorary research associate at the University of New Brunswick, and the Canada Space Agency have supported and assisted Gadoury in his research and even claimed that in addition to the pyramid an additional 30 buildings have been located, it will not be accepted until a physical on-site discovery is documented.

However, considering the stance of several ‘experts’ in the various connected fields that 1) use of maps is a modern Western invention and thus cannot be used to locate ancient sites (I do not understand this conclusion on any level) and 2) that the Maya did not use stars to place cities (yet, I have heard of no sound and logical explanation of their unique site placement), it seems highly unlikely that even if a significant site is discovered in the proposed location due credit or even serious consideration will be given to the theory presented by Mr. William Gadoury.

Hancock V Hawass

SCORE Hancock

Hancock Hawass YouTube StillSo on 22 April 2015, there was supposed to have been a debate between, Graham Hancock and Dr. Zahi Hawass, in Egypt. The topic was about their differing views of the history of Egypt and human kind.

This could have been an amazing discourse. It is always a very good thing when ideas are shared, exchanged, and questioned. The best thing about this debate would have been that while Mr. Hancock is still searching for answers and the WHOLE truth, Dr. Hawass thinks that we know EVERYTHING, that there is nothing else to know, and that HE knows all there is to know concerning Egypt and the beginnings of history.

Dr. Hawass was the primary reason that I did not pursue study in Egyptology. He is a tyrant in the field. He was “God” in that he had the power to deny access to any research into any site any where in Egypt and also could refuse a researcher access to any artifact in Egyptian possession. Thus, making it almost impossible for someone to have any differing idea and be able to pursue it.  You either agree with the status quo or you kiss your career good-bye. Prime example for how you better change your mind if you want to keep your career is found in Mark Lehner, who went from having a very open mind about what was possibly still left to learn and find in Giza, to parroting Hawass’ lines about everything already being known….in a Nova documentary, Mr. Lehner stated that the reason for the carving of the Sphinx…..was that it was a show of artistic creativity.

Back to the point: Dr. Hawass, has an inability to allow differing ideas and opinions in the dialogue of history with regards to Egypt and Egyptology. If he was totally so sure of his own opinions and conclusions and his statement that we have nothing more to learn on the topic, then why not grant access so that fools make fools out of themselves. By denying access to sites and artifacts he is limiting research. Then by stopping access and projects in the middle of their activity, he is also creating the ‘contamination’ of the experiment and even feeding these “foolish notions” instead of letting them finish. Or worse he jumps in and claims the evidence/discovery as his own. Whether or not Dr. Hawass ever had any true love or passion for Egyptology or not is mute at this point as he clearly no longer does.

Please, check out this link for the whole story as well as links to the video, so that you can judge for yourself, what happened and what the reasons might be and how this might impact future learning in the area…..

Zahi Hawass vs Graham Hancock — the April 2015 “debate” debacle

Causeways and Rituals in the Ancient World

Woodhenge-Wiltshire-Engla-001
Woodhenge Wiltshire England

Not far up the river Avon from Stonehenge is a less famous, but equally important site, that of Woodhenge. And the difference from Stonehenge is just like it sounds…Woodhenge was made from timbers and Stonehenge is constructed of stone.

There is a theory that believes that the difference in the construction elements of these two sites was intentional and meaningful. This theory holds that Woodhenge was constructed from timbers as symbols representative of life or the living and that Stonehenge was constructed out of stone, a non-living or ‘dead’ material and thus represented death. With new techniques and technology there have been new discoveries. One of the discoveries that connects these two sites is the finding of ‘Avenues’ leading from both sites toward the river Avon and thus connecting both. Therefore, the theory draws a conclusion that this was a funeral ritual conducted that commenced at the Woodhenge and proceeded to the Avon, down the river to the ‘Avenue’ to Stonehenge.

 

stonehengemap
From Woodhenge to Stonehenge

I would argue that one issue with this theory is that to date there has been NO significant finds of the remains of this ritual. Which is the same paradox that occurs in another very famous ancient site that is stated as the tomb of ancient leaders and their ‘partners’ or Queens. And the comparisons are more than just the missing dead!

Where is this other famous site! It is the Giza Necropolis. As we have shown in previous posts that ‘fact’ that the Pyramids were tombs does not hold water when common sense is applied. However, if we look in comparison, between, not just the Woodhenge-Stonehenge relation to Avon, but also the ‘Avenue of the Dead’ in Teotihuacan, which while not in proximity to a river, contained large pools of water down the center of the avenue, we find similar details.

Teotihuacancityplan
Avenue of the Dead Layout

All three sites have very specific astronomical alignments. The alignments not only correspond to the Sun rise on certain days, such as the Summer Solstice in the case of Stonehenge and Giza, as well as, Teotihuacan being aligned 15.5 degrees East of due North (possibly cause it was the position of the Sun rise ‘on the certain day of summer‘), but also the lay out or the locations and the inclusions of elements within the sites.. There are also comparisons that could be argued, between the layout of Giza with the position of elements of the skies, as well as, the correspondence between the layout of Pyramids along the Avenue of the Dead at Teotihuacan, with other elements of the skies closer to Earth.

Lower_Egypt-enFocusing on Giza, we find incredible causeways that lead to or from the river Nile, depending on your point of view or maybe on the time of year or ritual that might be being preformed. We see the alignment of the Pyramids with the cardinal points, as well as, the Sphinx facing the rising Sun on the Summer Solstice. Other comparisons include the similarity between the lay out of the Pyramids with the stars of Orion’s belt; and the shafts within the Great Pyramid that seem to point at other certain stars of mythological importance to the Ancient Egyptians. There is also the fact that another very important site of ritual of Ancient Egypt is like Woodhenge to Stonehenge, the site of Heliopolis is located down the river Nile from the Giza Necropolis. While Heliopolis was believed to be the place of worship of the Sun God, Ra, and it was the ‘Cult of Horus’ held the constellation Orion in high regard as the place of Horus in the Sky; we must remember that Orion was the celestial location of the pharaohs in their afterlives. Horus was the son of Isis and Osiris, the son and daughter of Geb and Nut, the son and daughter of Shu and Tefnet, whom were created by Ra. Thus there is not a clear separation of Ra and Horus as some scholars would imply. Furthermore, both gods are associated with rebirth, the afterlife, the cycle of life. So it would appear that there is more connection than distinction between Heliopolis and Giza, just as we see between Woodhenge and Stonehenge.

It would seem that, our linear view of time and life have blurred our ability to understand the view of our ancestors, whom seem to have understood the cycle or endlessness of existence better than we do. It, also, appears that, with regard to the commonalities between the skies and ancient monuments, past civilizations were more knowledgeable about our place in the universe than we seem to be. It is ironic that we seem to need computers and high powered telescopes to see what our ancestors saw; and that we also need advanced math and physics to contemplate the vastness that they took as just what was!

 

Make A Claim;Back It Up!

So, in cruising the web this morning, looking for interest that would hold me long enough to write something worth reading, I happened upon an article written by April Holloway of Ancient Origins.

Giza Necropolis DrawingI usually tend to enjoy her articles, they seem to be thoughtful and researched and if someone questions her facts she is usually willing to support her ideas and engage in constructive dialogue and if there is any conflict she seems willing to note it and even updates her articles accordingly.

This article states, that basically a poor Egyptian man, for some unknown reason, is digging, without authorization, in a room in his home. The home is located in the no digging, no drilling zone of an area considered of historical significance, due to its proximity to the Giza Necropolis. After digging down about 10 meters he stumbles upon the Causeway for the Great Pyramid!

WOW!
REALLY!

The Causeway that has never been found by historians or archaeologists in centuries just happens to run under this mans home?
COOL.
It does happen.

The article goes on to then focus on the historical references to the Causeway, with only one reference to the amazing new discovery, that apparently was reported in ONLY one paper in the world, that being Ahram Weekly. And that was only in their Arabic edition! Now, maybe Ms. Holloway’s Arabic is fluent, mine isn’t. However, the best that I could determine is that this ‘digger’ was a drug dealer and that he was of enough interest, that according to the article, the FBI, as well as, Russian law enforcement were also somehow involved in this ‘investigation’.

While it does seem that the proper ‘experts’ have been called in to investigate what the illegal digger found….the article doesn’t clearly say with any real description that a passage way or hall or anything was found that would make a logical leap to claiming that the Grand Causeway of the Great Pyramid was finally DISCOVERED!!!

I then proceeded to attempt to find supporting reports and or articles or press releases….I found 3, unfortunately they ALL led back to April Holloway’s original article. While, I really do hope that something of great interest comes from this find….to make a discovery claim on such vague and un-validated evidence seems irresponsible.
Time will tell.

An Ancient Code or Alien Code

Well, Which Are You Looking For?

alien-abduction-express uk
via express uk

H2 has a new series called In Search Of Aliens. In this series, Giorgio Tsoukalos travels the world searching out proof that humans are the product of extraterrestrials’ intervention in ancient times, known as Ancient Astronaut Theory. Giorgio’s approach is very focused on his belief in Ancient Astronaut Theory, and thus that is how he observes and measures all evidence and events. His speculation or conclusions do not inhibit the open minded from looking at the things he presents on this show and seeing history or accepted facts from a different point of view. Often in his search, Giorgio seeks out authors, researchers, and academics that look at history differently from the mainstream and they are worth the watch and listening to.

night skies via secretsofthefed
via secretsofthefed.com

Giorgio has looked at the Nazca lines, the legend of Atlantis, Puma Punku, even Bigfoot and Cyclops have been pursued; but upcoming is the search for an Ancient Alien Code. According to the promos it will look at ancient sites and artifacts looking for a secret hidden code left by the Ancient Aliens. To prove, of course, that humans are genetically engineered by ETs for some ancient dubious reason.

It got me thinking about how easy it can be to find what you are looking for, especially, if you look hard enough; but sometimes you have to remember that a circle is just a circle. While I am the first to tell you that I believe anything that has not been proven to be wrong or false, I also do not look at a place or site or artifact looking for the proof of some predetermined answer. I do believe that our ancient ancestors did leave us clues and secrets to help us, if the way the world was became lost or destroyed; that being said, I have no true or even strong idea about what those clues or secrets are suppose to tell us.

For example, do I believe in aliens? Sure, it seems illogical and mathematically improbable that we are the only ‘intelligent’ life forms in the whole great big universe. And that Earth is the only earth-like planet out there. However, if we were so visited in the past by Ancient Aliens as some people believe, including the possibility that the ‘Gods’, ‘Angels’, and or ‘Heroes’ that lived with us were in fact ETs, then where are they now? And why did they leave? If they came for our gold and other metals, why leave before it was all gone? If they lived here and warred here, then where are the survivors? Why fight a war for a place that you leave? If we are the equivalency of a galactic zoo, where are the zoo keepers? If they left with the promise of returning….why haven’t they returned yet?

 

stonehenge via radiopostiva net
via radiopositiva.net

It is true that the ancients seem to have not only been very occupied with the stars they were also very knowledgeable of them as well. This seems to form the core foundation for the Ancient Astronaut Theory; that being said, the movement of the stars through our view of the heavens can be compared to a universal Swiss watch. So it is just as plausible that the interest was purely for the purpose of marking time and thus being aware of cyclical events, events which could have profound effects on life on our planet. And that the ancients, which I strongly believe, were much more intelligent and highly developed, in their own way, than we give them credit for, were aware of these events and how to mark time over eternity. I do not believe that ancient man necessarily needed aliens to give them knowledge or information. I do in fact believe that we modern humans are in much more need of extraterrestrial intelligence and knowledge. As we have progressed with all our technological things we have lost our connection to our world and in losing that we have lost our way in the universe. That broken connection will more than likely be our downfall.

How you may wonder. Consider this, most kids do not see a need to protect nature, mostly because they believe that we have no REAL or life sustaining need for the wild. Most children believe that food comes from grocers and fast food places. They think clothing comes from stores and factories. They have no true value of the cycle or life or the bonds that connect ALL living creatures on our planet. They are not taught that destroying or losing any part of the chain can cause the whole chain to fall apart, remember we are only as strong as our weakest link, these days we have many weak links and they are not merely weak they are broken, we are most certainly a very fragile society and seem completely determined to push our world to the brink for the sake of technology and greed which we call advancement.

The Low Down on Ley Lines

Ley-Lines-1-World-View-1 via beforeitsnews
via beforeitsnews.com

One of the most little known, but often misused terms, with regard to discovering our past or human origins is the term ley lines. So lets see if we can search through all the static and find the ground under our feet, which is really all that Alfred Watkins was doing in his book The Old Straight Track.

Being very interested in the landscape of the countryside by profession, meant that Watkins was observant in his travels across Britain. One day, while out driving along the countryside, he stopped and observed what he thought was a ‘pattern’. His idea actually seems logical and makes mathematical sense, in so much as, the shortest distance between 2 points is a straight line.

Even archaeologists  admit that the logic and reason applied makes sense and is supported by  locations of historical sights in some areas. They claim that it seems that if it were possible that ancient peoples at least in certain locales and or over periods of time in larger areas seem to regularly build on a line or in a line.

What was it that Watkins observed? As stated above he noticed several details and gave them a wholeness. Being a landscape photographer, he went to numerous sites around Britain and it was in doing this that he noticed very ancient paths that crossed the landscapes in basically straight lines. In Watkins theory, each ley line started or ended with a hill, also that if you come across an ancient sacred site you would most certainly find at least one ley line crossing the site or extending from the site.

leyline via secretdalmatia wordpress
via secretdalmatia@wordpress

The New Age movement has turned the concept of ley lines into a metaphysical ancient secret. Of course that has allowed academics to have great ammo in shooting down theories of any type about the existence and or importance of ley lines to the ancients or us. Skeptics like Benjamin Radford, go so far as to completely misspeak when he claims that it was purely practical matters that determined the location of ancient sites. Guess he missed that there is not really anything practical about the location of Machu Picchu, and the stones used for Stonehenge were from about 200km away. Mica sheets found in temples in Mexico were from Brazil. Thus, clearly indicating that there was nothing practical about these locations, certainly not regarding building materials as he claims.

The New Age researchers have claimed various theories such as energy fields within the Earth or the gathering of spiritual energy at these ancient sites. I am not here to dispute any of that, as I do believe that the Earth is full of energy and also that we can find spiritual energy in many places. However, not being present in ancient times nor possessing any documents or other irrefutable evidence giving a specific and direct reason for why certain sites were chosen or the reason certain paths/roads were used, I also will not give my support to any side.

I will say this; I think waking a straight line or having straight line of sight is a logical justification for ley lines, that being said, I also know that we all have places where we will feel relaxed or happy or content or nervous or uncomfortable or whatever without any apparent reasons for said feelings, so at this point any and all theories might be correct in part or whole.

 

“There Was NO Global Deluge……”

Gilgamesh-tablet-flood via englishare net
via englishare.net

The Great Flood is marginalized by many academics which is a shame. The definition of great and or global seems to be what inhibits them from being able to pursue the story that has been remembered by peoples all over the world as more than just a story. I have to say, to be honest I am sometimes surprised that we have managed to learn as much as we have considering how limited the view of academics can be.

There have been various investigations into finding Noah’s flood. There are several major stories that have been used to guide searchers for the proof of this global flood. In addition to Noah, we have the Epic of Gilgamesh, the tales of Atlantis and Lemuria, and the oddities of Tiahuanco. However, sometimes, even the fringe investigators with a focused passion can get as narrow-viewed as the ‘mainstream academics’. Where the academic denies everything that seems to be outside the normal and mundane annals of approved history, the fanatic can do the opposite in that everything points to or proves their passion. Again we are back to the issue that instead of letting the evidence tell us the tale, we tell the tale using only the evidence or part of the evidence that supports our tale or force the evidence to suit us.

great flood via johnprattcom
via johnpratt.com

Here is another thought about a great worldwide flood; what if there were several huge regional floods. As we know from the Tsunami of 2004 something that is a non-global event can effect WHOLE cultures and thus be remembered as a culturally global event. Maybe if the same approach or openness is applied to the world’s many flood stories then we can understand more of our pre-history.

One of the main issues that academics point to against the single global flood event is that the dates for Plato’s Atlantis and Biblical Noah and Sumerian Gilgamesh are varied. In my opinion that just makes the search more interesting. Cause now we have the chance to find a global/biblical flood or to find floods that created culturally global memories. If we look at the searches that seekers have made we are given options for how the story or stories might play out.

1) For Noah’s Flood, of which there is a very good book by the same name, there has been research that shows that about 5,450BCE, the Black Sea was roughly 100m lower than today’s shorelines. And there is an almost perfect death line in the depths where differing waters collided.

2) For Atlantis there seems to be evidence of sudden flooding with the collapse of an inland lake due to the ending of the last Ice Age, in what is present day Canada about 9,500BCE, which corresponds exactly with Plato’s account.

3) As for oddities like Tiahuanco, which could date from about 11000 – 15000 years ago based on mathematical and astronomical calculations, there is the collapse of Lake Livingston in frozen North American that could have been the first flooding at the ‘end’ of the last Ice Age or more specifically the end of the Older Dryas.

These are just a few of the mysteries that can be explored to give us new and amazing insight into what might have been before our accepted history, or even what might have led to what we consider our accepted history.

Lost Cities; Myths Or More

Atlantis-02Time is a cycle of beginnings and endings, ups and downs, dawns and dusks. Civilizations have arisen out of nothing and descended into oblivion. Empires have conquered the known world and crumbled to rubble. Peoples have traveled beyond the edge of the world and disappeared from history. However, just like you cannot stop the march of time it seems that you cannot completely and totally destroy history either. It can be broken and shattered and scattered into the darkness, but it still remains. It will be found, the only question will be how long it takes to share its secrets and reveal the truth. In some cases the problem isn’t in the remains being shattered or broken or uninterpreted but in the inability and or unwillingness of the finder to understand.

Here are some of the Lost Cities that seem to refuse to completely sink into the darkness of forgotten time;

Map of Mu with Maya translation

1) Lemuria or Mu – – Believed to have been located in the current area of the Pacific Rim. By some accounts this ancient city was as old as 78,000 years ago. Those accounts also claim that the civilization last for 52,000 years and met its demise in a pole-shift that occurred 24,000 years ago.

2) Atlantis or Poseid – – This is probably the most known of the ancient lost civilizations. Believed to have been in the Atlantic and by some accounts was a large Archipelago. The first historical accounts come from Plato. By his accounts the city was destroyed by floods and fires around 9,000 BCE, this would coincide with the end of the last Ice Age and thus makes it a plausible memory of antediluvian times.

indusvalleyurbanplann273) Rama Empire of India – – including the city of Harappa. Excavations at the site have shown advanced city planning, that includes plumbing and sewage. There are also some findings that are unusual by accepted historical knowledge, such as, the presence of high amounts of radiation.

4) Osirian – – An ancient Mediterranean civilization, that is believed to have existed prior to the Great Flood. It is believed to have been located in the Mediterranean Sea, which wasn’t a sea during the last Ice Age. Some theory claims that the Nile flowed all the way to Sicily and Malta where it emptied into an ancient lake that possibly extended to the Straits of Gibraltar before emptying into a much shallower ‘Atlantic’ Ocean.

5) Uiger – – Believed to have been located in the current area of the Gobi Desert, there are signs of ocean ports indicating that it might have existed when sea levels and coasts were different from today’s. There are other beliefs that this city might have been part of Lemuria, possibly the Hsi Wang Mu or the place of the ancient ones as Lao Tzu claimed, the place of the Elders of Lemuria.

tiahuanaco templeofKalasasaya go2peru6) Tiahuanaco – – According to myth this was the ‘capital’ of the famed Viracocha. The ruins suggest several interesting ideas; first that at one time the whole Altiplano of Lake Titicaca was underwater, not just water but seawater, also that as large as the lake is currently at some time in the past it was larger as Tiahuanaco has port areas, even though it is currently about 12 miles from the current shore of the lake.

7) Ethiopia – – There have been stories of a Lost Tribe of Israel and Ethiopia is one of the proposed locations for this lost tribe. Ethiopia is one of the locations where there is megalithic construction. Also there are villages in Ethiopia where very ancient forms of Judaism are practiced. And there is also the belief by many that Ethiopia is also the current home of the Ark of the Covenant from the Bible.

Lalibela_Church_Of_The_Savior

Some experts will tell you that these ‘cities’ are made up stories. That ‘we’ didnt have the ability to build cities until 5,000 years ago. Some experts I do believe could trip and fall into the middle of the ruins of Atlantis and would still deny its existence! But this is an open mind zone, so we will be looking into the stories of these cities and see what if anything we can find and learn. I am of the opinion that if these were JUST stories they would have faded with time and as we have mentioned previously Troy was just part of Homer’s wonderful imagination and now it is an actual location!

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Egypt in Both Headlines

First, I am sorry that I have not posted here in awhile, but life likes to detour us whether we want it or not. And life has given us a couple huge detours recently, there was the historic floods in the Balkans (which still need huge help), there is the violence in Ukraine, there are several crises in Africa (Nigeria, Libya, Sudan), as well as the elections in Syria and Egypt this past week (give or take a day or two). Which brings me to our topic….Egypt.

Karnak Temple by jumpingnorman via virtualtourist
Karnak Temple by jumpingnorman via virtualtourist

It had been my initial plan to move out of Egypt at least for a bit in our journeys of thought, but as such would have it Egypt had other ideas, I couldn’t afford the $25 exit tourist fee to leave the country! No, I am kidding there, but the exit tourist fee is real. Did you know that when you fly say from Cairo to Luxor as a tourist you will pay a $4 tourist fee, for the airport handling you? And when you are attempting to leave Egypt to return home from holiday or maybe move on to another holiday, rambling destination or whatever you will be charged $25, again for the airport expense of handling you. So their thank you for spending the money to fly into their country, stay and eat in their country, use their businesses and services in your daily activities while in their country, and buy their trinkets in their markets to hand out back home is to charge you for needing to be handled. Really? Cause the $1 -2K for the plane ticket and the at least $500+ I spent in your country wasn’t enough for you, you prove a point of principle by charging me to leave. Considering the political instability, which has led to security issues on the streets, Egypt should be paying tourists $50 for showing up!

Ramses Square Egypt Unrest
Ramses Square via CPJ

That being said the focus of this post is about a curiosity that I noticed recently, well in the recent past, like last few months, in relation to Egypt and the headlines. I am sure you know that Egypt has been in the headlines concerning its ousting of its ‘last’ elected President and the clashes between all sides, you can’t say both as there are more sides than a dance card can hold, have led to less security on the streets and less than civilized behavior by some aspects of society. Egypt is not a top safe travel destination. I’m not easily intimidated, which frustrates some of my male friends in the region, they are really good guys and kinda have over protective/big brother syndrome.  But I have never been overly worried about being abroad alone. That being said I would not just holiday in Egypt right now. Would I still travel there on business or other needed reasons? Sure, but just to go hang out and see the sights, nope I’ll wait till later.

respro_pyramid_British Museum
Excavation at Hagr-Edfu via British Museum

That being said, thus the reason for this post, has anyone else noticed that not only has the Egyptology field been business as usual, it has been business extraordinaire! I mean seriously, every few day not less than every week there seems to be some HUGE NEW find! How is it that in the midst of such unrest, granted not nearly as bad as Libya, but still, not only are digs still going on, they are having a very high, abnormally high success rate. Don’t get me wrong, I think that is a great thing, but it does make me wonder if you can make these great finds while you have to at least have the back of your mind flooded with safety concerns, you in some cases have to actually have either someone watching your back or one eye looking over your shoulder; why weren’t they being made in relative peace-time under Dr. Hawass? And how many more amazing finds are going to be so easily and quickly (yes, I am using the terms loosely, I do know that years of work go into the efforts) discovered with Dr. Hawass no longer GOD of Egyptology? I guess only time will tell, I just hope this means that new and fresh looks and thoughts and ideas will be allowed inside the field now!

How Words Get In The Way

hieroglyphicsPreviously we talked about how personal short comings with academics can impact interpretation of history and historical evidence, especially in regard to archaeology and anthropology, in uncovering our past. Today lets look at how simple words can be used to either support erroneous fact or facts that are ignored because of the words that describe them. There are several factors that can lead to words being ignored or used to support incomplete or even wrong facts. The least of which is modern experts own contextual basis, to incomplete or wrong interpretation of the ancient source. The incomplete or wrong interpretation is usually due to the fact that today’s experts tend to blindly accept previous findings as fact without truly following the logic and standard of scrutiny that is supposed to be employed to validate one’s hypothesis to ensure the most accurate theories that facts can support are presented to the academic world and then to the public. At this point, I do want to point out that I am not initiating an across the board slamming of the experts. In some cases, the conclusions that were drawn, at certain times in the past, were logical and rational considering the information that was present at that time and the knowledge of the individual student; however, the more we study and the more we progress in the area of science and research and knowledge it is very clear that old theories need to re-examined with the addition of new information and new techniques and tests. The fact that most academics do not want to re-evaluate old ‘fact’ in the light of new ideas, technology and information is cowardly and ignorant. The pursuit of knowledge and truth have no room for ego, bias and arrogance; unfortunately, it is those very traits that seem to dominate in the world of academics.

Focusing on our specific topic for today, lets look at how words can affect the focus and conclusion of studies made. One of the primary words that instantly causes most experts to discount a story or label it as myth, lore, legend, or fiction is for Gods to be named. I think it would be much more prudent and certainly much more open minded to exchange the word ‘God(s)’ in our academic vocabulary to ‘extraordinary being’. Once a story of a culture names Gods then it is reduced to merely myth and only looked at as a fanciful story or religious dogma, instead of given its due measure as history. There are grand accounts in many cultures that recite the histories from the time of Gods to the time of ‘historically accepted’ man. Ironically, the experts in the same breath discount the parts of the story that speak of the Gods and accept as fact the parts of the story that are about their ‘historically accepted’ men. This is where being over literal can close your mind to nuggets of knowledge laid right before you if you only look with open minds.

There are stories found in many different cultures that speak of persons or peoples that the experts discount as being fiction. Instead having the openness of “I can believe in anything, until I have proof it doesn’t exist” most academics believe in nothing until you prove it exists. This seems naturally counter intuitive to human nature and counter productive to academic pursuit. Most academics would say in order to have a scientific mind one has to be skeptical. There is a huge difference between being skeptical and being a brick wall with no doors or windows. It is very possible to use and achieve scientific procedure while having an open mind. Having an open mind does not influence observation or conclusion as much as having a closed mind does. Matter of fact, an open mind is actually much more conducive to the scientific process than a closed one. If your mind is open then you are much more willing to accept whatever conclusion the facts suggest, whereas if you have a closed mind you have already limited yourself to the conclusions that you are capable of accepting.

troywalls
The Walls of Troy

Here is an example of how having an open mind can be beneficial in using ‘fiction’ to help find history. Homer’s Iliad tells a tale of war over love with all the great ingredients of the epic tale, including Gods and heroes and demi-gods and monsters and beasts. All the ‘experts’ said there are no such things as Gods and demi-gods and monsters and beasts and even heroes the likes of Homer’s imagination, thus it is all fiction. Yet, Mr. Schliemann went against the mainstream, he studied the details that Homer gave in his epic poem and in 1873 he was rewarded with the find of a lifetime, by most accounts, the “fictional city” of Troy, in real life stone and dirt. See Mr. Schliemann chose to look past the words and find the heart of the story and gave us another lovely and wonderful piece of our past.

The experts discount stories of dragons and giants and dwarfs and elves and little people. Those things don’t exist. Why? Cause dragons and giants have not beaten the experts on the head and why should they? Why should anyone whom is considered less that equal beat another over the head merely to prove they exist? It is not the “fictional” creature that is missing out, it is the absolute doubter. I think that the ‘experts’ should take a step back and be logical and rational about the stories that our ancestors gifted us with and treat them as the gifts that they are. Just because something was either never written down or only written down after many hundreds of years does not mean that it is not valuable or that it cannot teach us more than morals. Don’t get so hung up on words, think about this….if you are 5 foot tall then a person that is 7 foot tall is a giant to you and you are a dwarf or little person to them. We have persons of both heights living today, will the ‘experts’ of the future for sure find the remains of both to prove our giants and little people real? We cannot say yes, you can say,  we have our history of words and pictures to ‘prove’ it. Really? Did not our ancestors leave us pictures and words that today as ‘experts’ you call them fiction? So what is to say that tomorrow’s experts will not call your histories and pictures ‘fiction’ as well?

Maybe instead of judging our past by your standard you should judge it based on how you want to be judged by our future.