Questions Most Pondered

Top-10As I stated in my previous post, I have always had questions about the facts that have been taught and that have been repeated over and over again for decades. Facts that didn’t seem to make sense when combined with other facts. Or anomalies that got rejected for no other reason than at the time of discovery they were singular or supposedly singular finds. Add to this the arrogance with which modern scholars dismiss past stories as the ignorant imaginings of lesser men, judged such for no other reason than being from an earlier time. Coupled with the dismissing of oral histories and traditions simply because they are oral. And the dismissing of heroes and demi-gods and or times of gods living among men as not factual, more so based on our use and concept of those words than on any true evidence.

So as the title implies, I am going to share with you some of my most pondered questions. They are not in any specific order. For I believe that they are all, in their own way, of equal importance to our understanding of our past and our hope for our future.

Why are their 2 distinct construction designs visible at Giza if everything was built during the same dynasty?
If you observe closely all the structures of Giza, you will notice that a handful of structures are constructed using blocks that are much larger than even the 2 to 5 ton blocks that comprise a majority of the construction of the plateau.

Machu_Picchu_PeruWhy do scholars refuse to believe the stories of ancient indigenous peoples who claim that they did not build certain places that they occupy?

One of the most widely known cases of scholars consistently giving credit to peoples that straight out said was not their’s to take are that of the Incas. There are numerous early sources that include statements of verifiable Inca nobility and religious sects that deny their people’s construction of all or parts of places like Cusco and Machu Pichu.

How knowledgeable and intelligent were past peoples, such as the Neanderthals and Denisovans?
There are theories that propose that Neanderthals were the primary artists of a majority of European cave art and that Denisovans were the constructors of Gobekli Tepe. One of the newest theories that has been years in the making is that they were also accomplished astronomers and may have used those skills to date specific times, possibly as a method of recording historic events.

Africa is at the top.

Why did ancient cultures with geography skills and knowledge orient to South and today we orient to North?
In addition to this tidbit, there are also references to a singular ocean or sea, which when you view the Earth from the South Pole as opposed to the North, is a very accurate statement.

Does coming from Orion or Sirius or Pleiades mean coming from the stars or merely refer to celestial navigational points?
The least hi-tech method of navigation is celestial. To use the placement of the stars and constellations along with the rising and setting of the Sun and or Moon to track one’s course. Something that the ancients did very well and with high specificity.

Why do scholars hold so tight to the Out Of Africa theory, preaching it as fact?
While it can be supported that Africa has a very rich evolutionary history, we do not know for certain that it is the only such place or that it is as completely the whole of homo sapiens sapiens origins as scholars claim. If for no other reason than that we have not put one-quarter the effort into looking in any other location for the evidence that we have in Africa.

Gobekli Tepe Enclosures via aa com ti
Gobekli Tepe

Why did pre-historic cultures, supposedly with primitive rudimentary tools work with such complex layouts and gigantic stones in their buildings?
If you have watched any of the documentaries on the construction of any ancient structures of note, such as the Pyramids of Giza or Stonehenge or Gobekli Tepe, you will hear that it was all done with the most rudimentary tools and or pure hard-labor of man. Another comment that you might hear is from construction experts of our time that claim that such undertakings are basically impossible with all our machines and technology today. Forgetting all that, what logic made working with 2- to 10- to 40-tons plus blocks of stone necessary?

Linear A 

Why do scholars limit civilization’s history to the last ~5000 years denying and even ridiculing the mere mention of things like Atlantis?
If you listen to the ancients that are given status and credit by the scholars, all of them speak of epochs of time before them that were of greatness in terms of the feats of men and the standards of living of the peoples of those long ago eras. Yet, scholar after scholar refuses to even consider that there has to be some truth to their stories.

When, where and why did writing begin?
We define writing as the systematic use of symbols to convey our thoughts and ideas and information without the use of oral expression. But, what really makes up a writing system? And with all the unknowns how do scholars decide that one set of symbols is absolutely writing and other symbols are not. Especially, if their only rebuttal is that some symbols predate the labeled fact of writing originating in Sumeria around 5000YAG.

How much truth and historic fact can really be found in the lines of myths?
Many a child has been so lured by the lines of a story as to become obsessed with proving that it is a real story. That very obsession is how we discovered Troy. So why not put more faith in the reality of our ancients histories by remembering that absence of proof is not proof of absence.

These and more are the questions that feed my curiosity and kindle my desire to know more. It is the desire to find the truth of our history and the journey of our ancestors that inspires me to write this blog. It is my hope that at least one of my articles inspires you to begin or continue your own curious journey for the truth.

Photo Credit: via
via wikimedia commons

Grain Silos

We’ll That’s A New One

Ben Carson
Mark Kauzlarich/Reuters

I am the first one to want to hear, new and interesting ideas about things. And I have said more than once that I do not believe that the Pyramids were ever tombs. However, I have had heard an interesting and plausible theory that after they fell out of disuse of their original purpose that it is possible that they were used for tombs. This may or may not be true. I would still argue that there was no grave goods or the debris of grave goods found in any of the chambers of the Great Pyramid when they were opened in the 19th century. But, one could counter that the grave robbers were the neatest and most through grave robbers in history. But, I digress. 

The new theory that I have recently heard is from a Republican candidate for US President, Dr. Ben Carson. It is Dr. Carson’s belief that the Pyramids were built by Jacob during his time as Administrator in Egypt, to store grain for the 7 years of famine after the 7 years of abundance. His opinion was voiced publicly in a commencement speech at Andrews University, in 1998. According to reports, he bases his theory on the fact that the chambers of the Pyramid were hermetically sealed. While you would need such sealed chambers to store things such as grain for long periods of time, I think that is a whole lot of structure for such small chambers. Yes, I would have to look up the measurements and do the math to figure out the volume of each of the chambers, but still why have so much ‘bulk’ in the building and not in the ‘storage chambers’.

And why did we not find any dust and dirt from such storage? Not to mention, that brings up the same question again, what was the “Queen’s Chamber” for, it is not suitable for grain storage. While this suggestion does give one things to ponder, I do not think that there is any hope of it finding any traction nor staying power!

Hancock V Hawass

SCORE Hancock

Hancock Hawass YouTube StillSo on 22 April 2015, there was supposed to have been a debate between, Graham Hancock and Dr. Zahi Hawass, in Egypt. The topic was about their differing views of the history of Egypt and human kind.

This could have been an amazing discourse. It is always a very good thing when ideas are shared, exchanged, and questioned. The best thing about this debate would have been that while Mr. Hancock is still searching for answers and the WHOLE truth, Dr. Hawass thinks that we know EVERYTHING, that there is nothing else to know, and that HE knows all there is to know concerning Egypt and the beginnings of history.

Dr. Hawass was the primary reason that I did not pursue study in Egyptology. He is a tyrant in the field. He was “God” in that he had the power to deny access to any research into any site any where in Egypt and also could refuse a researcher access to any artifact in Egyptian possession. Thus, making it almost impossible for someone to have any differing idea and be able to pursue it.  You either agree with the status quo or you kiss your career good-bye. Prime example for how you better change your mind if you want to keep your career is found in Mark Lehner, who went from having a very open mind about what was possibly still left to learn and find in Giza, to parroting Hawass’ lines about everything already being known….in a Nova documentary, Mr. Lehner stated that the reason for the carving of the Sphinx…..was that it was a show of artistic creativity.

Back to the point: Dr. Hawass, has an inability to allow differing ideas and opinions in the dialogue of history with regards to Egypt and Egyptology. If he was totally so sure of his own opinions and conclusions and his statement that we have nothing more to learn on the topic, then why not grant access so that fools make fools out of themselves. By denying access to sites and artifacts he is limiting research. Then by stopping access and projects in the middle of their activity, he is also creating the ‘contamination’ of the experiment and even feeding these “foolish notions” instead of letting them finish. Or worse he jumps in and claims the evidence/discovery as his own. Whether or not Dr. Hawass ever had any true love or passion for Egyptology or not is mute at this point as he clearly no longer does.

Please, check out this link for the whole story as well as links to the video, so that you can judge for yourself, what happened and what the reasons might be and how this might impact future learning in the area…..

Zahi Hawass vs Graham Hancock — the April 2015 “debate” debacle

Egypt in Both Headlines

First, I am sorry that I have not posted here in awhile, but life likes to detour us whether we want it or not. And life has given us a couple huge detours recently, there was the historic floods in the Balkans (which still need huge help), there is the violence in Ukraine, there are several crises in Africa (Nigeria, Libya, Sudan), as well as the elections in Syria and Egypt this past week (give or take a day or two). Which brings me to our topic….Egypt.

Karnak Temple by jumpingnorman via virtualtourist
Karnak Temple by jumpingnorman via virtualtourist

It had been my initial plan to move out of Egypt at least for a bit in our journeys of thought, but as such would have it Egypt had other ideas, I couldn’t afford the $25 exit tourist fee to leave the country! No, I am kidding there, but the exit tourist fee is real. Did you know that when you fly say from Cairo to Luxor as a tourist you will pay a $4 tourist fee, for the airport handling you? And when you are attempting to leave Egypt to return home from holiday or maybe move on to another holiday, rambling destination or whatever you will be charged $25, again for the airport expense of handling you. So their thank you for spending the money to fly into their country, stay and eat in their country, use their businesses and services in your daily activities while in their country, and buy their trinkets in their markets to hand out back home is to charge you for needing to be handled. Really? Cause the $1 -2K for the plane ticket and the at least $500+ I spent in your country wasn’t enough for you, you prove a point of principle by charging me to leave. Considering the political instability, which has led to security issues on the streets, Egypt should be paying tourists $50 for showing up!

Ramses Square Egypt Unrest
Ramses Square via CPJ

That being said the focus of this post is about a curiosity that I noticed recently, well in the recent past, like last few months, in relation to Egypt and the headlines. I am sure you know that Egypt has been in the headlines concerning its ousting of its ‘last’ elected President and the clashes between all sides, you can’t say both as there are more sides than a dance card can hold, have led to less security on the streets and less than civilized behavior by some aspects of society. Egypt is not a top safe travel destination. I’m not easily intimidated, which frustrates some of my male friends in the region, they are really good guys and kinda have over protective/big brother syndrome.  But I have never been overly worried about being abroad alone. That being said I would not just holiday in Egypt right now. Would I still travel there on business or other needed reasons? Sure, but just to go hang out and see the sights, nope I’ll wait till later.

respro_pyramid_British Museum
Excavation at Hagr-Edfu via British Museum

That being said, thus the reason for this post, has anyone else noticed that not only has the Egyptology field been business as usual, it has been business extraordinaire! I mean seriously, every few day not less than every week there seems to be some HUGE NEW find! How is it that in the midst of such unrest, granted not nearly as bad as Libya, but still, not only are digs still going on, they are having a very high, abnormally high success rate. Don’t get me wrong, I think that is a great thing, but it does make me wonder if you can make these great finds while you have to at least have the back of your mind flooded with safety concerns, you in some cases have to actually have either someone watching your back or one eye looking over your shoulder; why weren’t they being made in relative peace-time under Dr. Hawass? And how many more amazing finds are going to be so easily and quickly (yes, I am using the terms loosely, I do know that years of work go into the efforts) discovered with Dr. Hawass no longer GOD of Egyptology? I guess only time will tell, I just hope this means that new and fresh looks and thoughts and ideas will be allowed inside the field now!

Who Built the Pyramids and When?

Giza Necropolis DrawingIn this approach we will find some fascinating details as well as some that will confound the reader. The question should come to mind; “how can it be both times?” In order to appreciate the wholeness of this aspect of our pondering we need to look at a world-wide fascination of ancient peoples. What is this world-wide phenomenon? In one word, it is Astronomy.

As we mentioned in the previous post the oldest civilized peoples all were very adept students of the stars. Their rituals and beliefs very much focused on the skies. They measured the movement of the Sun, the Moon, and the constellations. Their were Sun gods and Moon goddesses and the stars were home to the Gods. They followed the path of the Sun, the Moon and the constellations across the skies. They knew the cycles of the Sun and Moon and Earth. They could predict the eclipses and even the arrival of comets. One of the most famous stories known to us today tells of 3 magi that travel for 2 years to find a baby born under very special astronomical conditions. It has been theorized that the ‘bright star’ the magi followed to the birth place of this special child was a comet or a conjunction of planets with certain constellations, this is merely mentioned to show that the stars were of great influence across the peoples of the world in ancient times.

egypt-godsMoving forward, we know that the Egyptians believed that in Zep Tepi, or the First Time, that the Gods came to Earth and lived here and created people and lived with the people. This belief is similar to many other peoples’ beliefs about how we came to be. And it is another belief that after Zep Tepi that the Gods returned to the Stars. This belief is probably what made astronomy so important for them. In effect to study the stars or heavenly bodies was to study the Gods.

Since mainstream Egyptologists consider the Zep Tepi to be ‘just a story’, even though they used the lists of the Pharaohs in the same texts as historical reference to real persons, they have not looked seriously at the events from a historical point of view, neither have they tried to figure out when Zep Tepi occurred. This of course leaves us wondering how much of Zep Tepi is accurate and just when did Zep Tepi happen. Remember that Homer’s poems The Iliad and Odyssey were just stories until the real city of Troy was discovered in Turkey. The discovery proved that at least in regard to the description of Troy, Homer was accurate. It has since been discovered that most of the 10 cities that were mentioned in Homer’s prose were real cities and contemporaries of Troy. Why do we care about the cities in lines of Homer being real? It is proof that just because we have not found the proof of the stories of the ancients this does not mean they are not true. How does this relate to our search of Giza? Well, regarding the search for Zep Tepi, maybe it relates very well. There has been no search for Zep Tepi, but there has been questions regarding when all or part of the Necropolis was constructed.

Sphinx_partially_excavated2We have questioned the erosion of the Sphinx, as well as, its placement and the lay out of the Pyramids. The Sphinx has the body of a lion, we do not know what the original head of the creature might have been, it is the author’s belief that statements naming Kufu, Khafre or any other pharaoh as the model for the face are incorrect and without real merit. However, for now the matter of whose face is or whose face should be bore by the immortal lion is mostly irrelevant. That being said there may come a day when the discovery of the truth makes it very relevant and helps to explain the complete secrets that have thus far eluded us. If you allow for the known facts, a lion’s body and the high interest with the stars and the lion looking east, this points to an epoch of time, and that is when the Sun rested in the sign of Leo. The alignment of the Pyramids in relation to the stars of the belt of Orion, also point to the location of Orion during a specific time in the past that can also be found during the time of Leo. These 2 factors would support a time of approximately 10,500 BCE. The builders left other clues for those that are willing to listen; the very elaborate ‘ventilation’ shafts of the King’s and Queen’s Chambers ironically enough have doors, an odd thing for ventilation, and point to other specific points that would be reasonable to assume were of interest to the ancients. The points in the skies where these shafts point are to the exact locations of very important known stars. These stars that the shafts point to are Sirus, and Beta Ursa Minor from the Queen’s Chamber and Zeta Orion and Alpha Draconis from the King’s Chamber, but during the epoch of 2500BCE.

Diagram of the Great PyramidToday, in our time of super computers and high tech gadgets and programs and knowledge we have software that will show us the skies for any time that we want. If you want to know how the heavens looked over your house in the time of the dinosaurs you can and if you want to know what you might see in 50 or 100 years you can see that as well. What an amazing and wonderful thing! However, we have yet to find any similar technological items from ancient times; therefore, how did the builders of the Giza Necropolis know either what the skies looked like in 10,500BCE or how they would look in 2,500BCE? Is it not interesting that both times seem to be marked in the eternal monuments. What was so very important about the 2 different times in history for the ancient Egyptians? If the builders were in 10,500BCE how did they know where the stars would have been 8,000 years in the future? Yet, if the builders were of 2,500BCE, how did they know where Orion was located 8,000 years prior; and how did they know the measurements of the earth?


Meeting the Ancient Egyptians

Part 3

220px-Imhotep-Louvre via wikipediaWe have looked at the design location of some of the structures of the Necropolis and we have looked at some of the numbers in the building of the Pyramids. Now lets look at the ‘men’ responsible for such wonders. In this approach we will look at the ‘men’ that are truly responsible for the structures that have totally perplexed our reason and logic up to this point. It is time to know the ‘men’ in a general way, before we become totally confounded by our next question in this journey. If we look at what seems to have been the focal point for all peoples and hence most religions then we need only look up.

Ancient peoples were obsessed by the heavens and all the happenings in the skies. So complete was this obsession that the first things that we seem to have been students of were the stars. Their rituals and beliefs very much focused on the skies. They measured the movement of the Sun, the Moon, and the constellations. They were aware of eclipses and even comets and asteroids that visited our skies. If it was above it was studied.

Using this information we see aspects of society that were advanced beyond ours in many ways. The Maya had one of the most precise calendars in history, comparably more precise than our atomic clock today. The Egyptians had multiple calendars in use to follow to compensate for the variance between solar and lunar years. The Jewish traditional calendar adds ‘days’ to realign itself on a regular basis. Stonehenge is believed by most to be based on celestial alignment, as are many other megalith sites and other neolithic structures. There are stones scattered across Australia that in most likelihood are star maps.

The connections were not limited to following the movement of the stars. The Inca’s gods came from the Stars. Most Native American tribes have legends of Sky People. The Sumerians have the Anunnaki, or “from the stars”. Many stories in the Vedas refer to the Stars or gods and others from the Stars.  The Egyptians believed that their gods created and came from the skies and that upon death the souls, especially of their important leaders ascended to the heavens to live among their gods. All these examples show that for our ancient ancestors what was above was of utmost importance.

2020-03-28 20.01.17 309455b9d47dThis extreme importance was not just identifying heavenly bodies, but measuring their paths through the night sky over millennia. It was also knowing the patterns of the paths so as to know the cycle of the seasons and the universe. The very important task of mastering the heavens fell to the priest classes of the various societies. For us, now, this focus is on the Egyptian priests and magi. It is believed that Heliopolis was the learning place of these highly skilled and learned keepers of time for the Egyptians.

In the ancient times the Priests and Priestesses were some of the most learned and valued members of society. They were the go betweens between the people and the gods. They were the ones that predicted the future, knew if it was a good day to go to war, or the right day to sign treaties or enter into contracts and if the season would be blessed or not and were to correct or make amends for any injury caused to the gods so as to appease the wrath of said god or to invoke favor from the god, thus increasing the blessings from that same said god. In some societies you were born into your place in society and your training began basically from birth. As with the priests/priestesses and magi there was much to learn before being able to lead the people and advise the ruler in one’s own right.

Egyptian Wall Art Metropolitan_Museum1915 via commonswikipediaIn the time of ancient Egypt the priests were in effect “jacks of many learned trades”. They were students not only of the scared texts, but also masters of astronomy, geometry, medicine, and mathematics. They were master builders and adept politicians. They were leaders and manipulators; they were advisers and confidants; they were clever and deceiving. Their roles were so vast and encompassing that they were some of the most influential individuals of their time. By some measure, they could be, at present, referred to as the first enlightened persons that we know of.

There is belief that their knowledge was not all of their own, that it was passed down from more ancient ones, ones they referred to as gods, or teachers and civilizers send by the gods; yet, the ‘experts’ only give these claims the title of legends, lore, myths, stories. On the other hand, the ‘experts’ have no real answers as to how the priests acquired so much knowledge that literally went well beyond the existence of their civilization.

The ‘experts’ gloss over the fact that historically or evolutionarily speaking the people of the Nile went from being hunter gatherers to a full fledged civilization with all the components virtually overnight. There are, as of yet, no finds that show these people learning writing or experimenting with buildings, or evolving a more complex religion. Suddenly, all these things were there and well documented; except of course the specific building plans and administrative records of the Giza plateau during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. I guess there is the hope that one day we will find those artifacts and the mainstream experts can be vindicated, I just hope none of them are holding their breath for it.


Meeting the Ancient Egyptians

Part 2


In our last post we showed a very visual concept of duality. We illustrated the similarities between the placements of the Pyramids on the ground with the stars of Orion’s belt in the sky. Also, illustrated in their burial practices, was their belief of life being almost the same in the afterlife as on Earth. Now we look more deeply into their advancement as a civilization by the time of the Pyramids. We have mentioned, if we allow for the mainstream experts to be wholly accurate not only did the ancient Egyptians become some of the finest master builders within 500 years of the birth of their civilization, they also became the most advanced mathematicians and astronomers as well. Their knowledge would rival ours today even with our super computers. Still think it is possible for man to do all that in 500 years? Well let’s explore some figures and equations and concepts.


The Giza plateau was not chosen cause it was a lovely flat open plain suitable for enormous building projects it wasn’t. However, its location seems to have been very specific. Math is considered the universal language, it is thought that no mater where one originates in the universe the rules and laws and language of math remain the same. I would hold that in general that concept is accurate, but there is still the challenge of writing an equation using Roman numerals or Arabic numbers and it being instantly understood by one whom knows neither writing style. That being said one way around that would be to show equations in a manner that ALL would arrive at the same answer regardless of their writing method. What exactly am I saying? Well lets use the Pyramids as an example, an illustrated example:

 The bases of the Pyramids are aligned almost perfectly to their cardinal points, with deviation of less than 3 arc minutes. The plateau is located less than 29 seconds from ‘astronomical’ latitude 30 degrees, which is one-third the distance from the Equator to the North Pole. The original height of the Great Pyramid bears the same relationship to its base perimeter as any circle’s circumference to its radius; 2 pi. Another astonishing figure is the ratio of the dimensions of the Pyramid to the dimensions of the earth; the scale is 1:43,200. Ex: h=481.3949 ; p=3023.16 ….. h43,200=3938.685 (within 11 miles of polar radius) p43,200=24734.94 (within 170 miles of true equatorial circumference or less than 0.75% error)

 There is also the location of the Pyramids in relation to the world’s habitable landmass, it is the center point. The corners are not more than a 3 minute 33 second deviation from 90 degrees. The sides are not more than 10.49 inches in length variation.  The Causeway of the Great Pyramid runs 14 degrees to the north and the Causeway of the second Pyramid runs 14 degrees to the south. The last number I will throw out for you this time is that the corridors of the Great Pyramid are set on 26 degree slopes, all of them, except for the ‘well shaft’, which is vertical and the ‘ventilation’ shafts which are their own enigma.

herodotus_world_map-en-svgNow lets ponder all this new information in relation to the ‘known facts’ according to the Egyptologists. The society while it was advanced stayed within the confines of the northeast of the African continent and interacted with peoples that were located in the area now referred to as the Middle East, it is also thought that Egypt was aware of and dealt with the contemporary cultures of the Mediterranean Sea. In their time that is considered the extent of the ‘known world’. However, as we have shown above in our numbers, the builders of these tombs of pharaohs, were aware of the size of the earth precisely as well as their relation to the whole of the world. If the Egyptians were the first civilization and had only become ‘civilized’ 500 years before the building of the Pyramids, are we also to assume that in the tiny 500 year span they also managed to explore and measure and document at least in numbers, the whole world? The credit for circumnavigation is currently given to Magellan millennia later. If it took Europeans building off the knowledge of prior cultures over 1500 years to achieve circumnavigation then how can the experts not ponder the 500 year old Egyptian culture’s knowledge of the same information?



The number system that appears to be used in the building of the structures, as well as, the lay out of the whole of the Necropolis is base 60. Base 60 is such an ancient number system that its true origins are not known, even today.



Giza Pyramid Blocks via PBS NovaThe size of the blocks used in the buildings are of such a size that even today most engineers would prefer to deny the contract than to try to overcome the obstacles of construction, even with modern machinery and technology. Yet, the experts claim that basic hand-tools and slave labor created the enduring monuments. We are to assume that they were able to build these massive structures, one of which, contains a natural bedrock mound that was encased within the lower building, using only line of sight and primitive means. According to some of the experts we can throw out the slave labor and say skilled craftsmen, but again with no more than 500 years of knowledge at their back. Others say they had large sawing ‘machines’ but these were almost as much construction as the structures. Then also you have the theory that ramps were used to pull the blocks into place, yet there is no mention or description in any text or historical reference nor is there any archaeological remains of these immense ramps that would have again required almost as much building as the structure themselves. How is it that the theories of the experts, which seem to have more holes than a really good swiss cheese, have stood the test of time? Just some more thoughts to ponder until next time.

Meeting the Ancient Egyptians

Part 1

giza necropolisWe have visited the Pyramids and the Sphinx, but before we leave the Giza Necropolis there are other questions to ponder. These are questions that not only span the skies, but delve into the sands beneath the structures on the plaza. We have discussed the Pyramids, as well as, the Sphinx independently. Now we will look at the plaza as a whole. We will take into account the idea that is the basis for Egyptian beliefs, duality; as it is above so it is below. We will wonder about their fascination with the heavens. We will ponder the importance and mystique of the priest/priestess class. Thus we will attempt to attain a greater understanding of the beginnings of one of the most glorified and romanticized societies in human history.  Our goal is to attempt to understand what was Egypt and thus what was an Egyptian.

Beginning with their concept of duality, we will attempt to understand just how the Egyptian saw thyself in relation to their culture and their world. Their religion was a part of every aspect of their everyday lives. It is in the religious practices and belief that we can find an illustration of their concept of duality. In simple terms, the Egyptians believed that all things on Earth were reflection of things in the sky. The Egyptians also believe in an afterlife, not only was that afterlife in the skies, it was almost more important than life on Earth.

When understanding their concept of duality, several aspects of their culture and beliefs illustrate clearly for us their thinking. In understanding their funerary rituals, we see that they believed that the body was needed again in the afterlife. This is supported by the fact that Egyptians preserved their bodies as completely as possible in death, including preserving the organs removed in the mummification process, apparently to be returned to the body for the journey to the afterlife. It was also common for burial to include everyday items that would be needed in the afterlife, such as food, clothes, brushes, furniture and even, based on the wealth and or position of the individual, pets, concubines, and in some cases chariots. The Egyptians also believe that what you did in your life on Earth would carry over, or at least the consequences, to the afterlife. There were trials or judgments that the dead had to pass in order to enter the afterlife. In life the Pharaohs were considered as either Gods or demi-gods or descended from the Gods and in the afterlife they were to ascend to the Stars and live with the Gods as gods in their own right.

What does all this have to do with the Giza Necropolis? It is believed by some to be a physical interpretation of the trails or judgments and the journey to the afterlife. It is also believed by some to be the physical representation of an exact moment in time by mirroring the sky as it was in a specific time in the ancient past.

2020-03-28 18.35.10 07e0be427d70Orion-in-Oct-1024x805

In looking at the map of the plaza above and the picture of the constellation Orion to the right you can see a similarity between the 3 Pyramids and the 3 starts that make up the belt of the hunter. The observer can see that the first 2 larger pyramids can be bisected by a straight line as can the 2 brighter stars of the hunter’s belt. If you continue the line it will strike the northwest corner of the smaller third pyramid, which is the exact same placement as the smaller or dimmer third star in Orion’s belt.

2014-dec-3-orions-belt-aldebaran-siriusWhy would the ancients possibly use the belt of Orion for the placement of their pyramids? One could say that such an alignment would serve to remind them of their origins. As there are several references to the Gods coming from and returning to their own world, a world that is located within the constellation. Another theory is that the line actually points to the star Sirus. Sirus is also a star that is referenced in ancient lore as the location for the origins of the Gods. This star chart shows more clearly the alignment of the 3 pyramids found on the plaza. Thus showing how the smaller third star is offset slightly. Is this just coincidence, or was this planned? It seems to be almost too perfect of a match for that to be the case. If you look a little further afar from the alignment of the pyramids you find the Nile flowing from its mountains head to the delta in the north. While keeping in mind the heavens in the time of the ancients, the Nile resembles the heavenly river of life, the Milky Way.

In looking very briefly at the Egyptian concept of  duality we have seen that Egyptians were great students of the heavens. And held that humanity had a great connection to the heavens in order to have connection to their Gods and their afterlife. There are many other illustrations of their concepts of duality, including their attitudes regarding genders. But those are for you to explore on your own, at least for the time being.

The Journey Begins

There are many ancient sites and artifacts that are known the world over. Some of these sites are mysterious and shrouded in wonder and enigmas, while others seem to be fully and or completely explained, at least according to the experts. Starting our ramblings through the moments of our history at one of the most recognizable locales on the planet seems appropriate for our journey.

giza-pyramids_24757_600x450We believe in labeling and ranking things in our world to give them importance and value. This act in and of itself seems simple and harmless enough; however, when we list things and rank things we are actually diminishing their importance in our world and limiting our understanding as well. There is a saying that we all have talents, things we excel in, however, if the fish is judged by how well he climbs a tree, then he will always feel stupid. By judging places and things against hard-fast, unbending limits that the egos of experts place in our knowledge banks it is not the sites and cultures and artifacts we make ‘stupid’, but ourselves. By accepting without question the words of the textbooks and experts we voluntarily shut ourselves into the dark closets of ignorance.

Returning to the start of our journey; the Giza Necropolis is the site of the Great Pyramids of Egypt, as well as, the Sphinx and other temples and archaeological finds that have yet to be fully understood. For this post we will focus on the Pyramids themselves. There are 3 great or grand pyramids in close proximity that are the last of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is a standard propagated fact that these pyramids were the tombs for the Pharaohs Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. It has been the practice of mainstream Egyptologists to criticize, ostracize and black-ball any researcher that does not hold to this archaic and suspect view.

Giza Necropolis DrawingIt has been one of the greatest mysteries, to my personal understanding, that academics and researchers do not seek the truth and knowledge, they seek fame and tenure. If these so called experts really believed their own opinions regarding the pyramids, then why not let every “out there,” “off the wall,” “crazy” person with a “wild” and “delusional” idea research it and study the site and fall flat on their face in the error of their own study. Instead any person that has any view that deviates from the idea that the pyramids are tombs is not even granted access to the site for research purposes.

Ironically, you do not need access to the site to call into question the statement that the Pyramids are tombs. First, there are burial mounds located all over the world, dirt mounds that have served as the final resting places for the deceased. That being said, there has not to this point ever been a body of a deceased found in the middle of any funeral pyramid structure any where in the world. You can try to point to priests and ‘kings’ that have been found in some American pyramids, but all their entombments were under said pyramids or added within them and the pyramids were not constructed for the purpose of their burials, instead the entombment was either repurposing of temples or after-thought. But our focus is not on ALL pyramids, just the 3 at Giza.

Valley Of The Kings via ancient eu
Valley Of The Kings via

According to mainstream Egyptologists, most pharaohs have been found buried in the Valley of the Kings. This is not a valley full of pyramids, nor is it the earliest or latest of the pharaohs. What I mean is that the Pharaohs of the Pyramids were from the 4th Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. Yet, building pyramids was not happening prior, even if you consider the Step Pyramid at Saqqara of Dojser, neither was it continued after the fact. Some Egyptologists might tell you this was due to grave robbers, but that contradicts the religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians. It is very hard to say with any certainty when certain tombs might have been raided. It is highly unlikely that the tombs were raided during the Dynastic periods, but were instead violated later by those peoples whose culture did not value the beliefs of the past times. The point being that the likelihood of just 3 Pharaohs, 4 if you count Djoser, building Pyramids for tombs and not being followed by subsequent Pharaohs when all other aspects of society remained virtually unchanged is slim to none.

If we allow for the study of the possibility of the Pyramids being those of our 3 Pharaohs, why did these pharaohs deviate so far from the norm before them and after them. What makes the burial rites and practices of our 3 so unique? Why would they basically shun their religion and culture and immortality by shunning the very things that would insure their place in the afterlife. If one only looks at the tombs found in the Valley of the Kings and see the names and images on the walls of tombs along with the verses of the Book of the Dead and the Book of the Gates, they provided the tomb resident with spells and advice to help get them to the afterlife. This information is missing from the King’s Chambers in the Pyramids of our 3 Pharaohs. So if the pyramids were their actual tombs you must consider that they lived such perfect lives they did not need any help facing their judgements or they snubbed the religion in death, that kept them in power in life. Both of those theories seems highly unlikely.

robbed tomb egypt
Robbed Tomb via Pintrest

We can put this theory aside if you have not started questioning the ‘truth’ yet and move to the next questionable fact regarding the Pyramids. Let’s assume for the sake of mainstream argument that these Pyramids were tombs. One of the main reasons that the Great Pyramid is considered Khufu’s is that his name is found on a ‘plaque’ near the Pyramid itself. Now if having your name on a building makes you the builder of said building, then George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln just became the most prolific builders in America. For their names adorn more public buildings than most any other notable leaders in American History. But more importantly, it was the practice of the Egyptians to bury with their Pharaohs, everything they would need in their afterlife. This matters since the afterlife was a mirrored existence of life on Earth. As it is above so it is below. Everything that one would need to be of their status in the afterlife was provided in their burial for their possession as needed. This included not only treasures, the desire of tomb robbers, but also mundane items for life, foods and daily basics, not so much valued by our robbers. Once again, these remnants were also missing from the burial chambers. Not even the debris of broken shards of pottery or spilled seeds remained after the robbing, thus inferring that they were also the neatest grave robbers in history.


So it seems that if we are to maintain and or accept that the Pyramids were tombs for our 3 Pharaohs, we have to accept several unsupported and irrational facts about them. First, that all Pharaohs that followed were incredibly humble and did not have a desire to leave their mark more permanently on the world. Secondly, that our Pharaohs either lived perfect sin free lives or snubbed their society’s belief in the afterlife. Thirdly, that they did not need any of the trivial things that ordinary Egyptians needed in their afterlife like food.

I hope that some of these presented views made you think and wonder. Ask questions and seek answers and do not believe that just because someone has letters, even the whole alphabet, after their name they are smarter than you. You can make the next big discovery just as surely as any expert, maybe even more so if your mind is open and your eyes are seeking.