Where A Book Can Lead

Voices Of The Rocks SchochI have just finished reading a couple of books, one was actually a reread, well really it was a re-re-re-reread, but you get the point and it provoked some random thoughts. What books? Voices of the Rocks and Fingerprints of the Gods, respectively.

The first edition of Fingerprints of the Gods, was the first book that showed me that there were in fact real and serious people asking some of the same questions that I had always wondered and researching some of the same things that interested me. Reading that work opened up a whole new world to me, in terms of research and learning and growing. And I was hooked.

Fingerprints of the Gods 2002ed HancockI started looking for other such books, but only those that I believed were properly researched and truly passionate intellectual works. Ones that were not looking for proof of their desired whims and wishes, but those that noticed the textbook versions didn’t answer all the questions and even seemed to make no sense with the questions they did answer.

Seriously, given all the true examples of royal burials in Egypt, how to you claim that the great pyramids of Giza are tombs at all, much less only tombs with a straight face and any sense of truthfulness. The 3 great pyramids stand out like a sore thumb. It is like lining up all the breeds of cats in the world and at some random spot inserting 3 dogs and claiming cause they have 4 legs and fur and eat meat they are cats too!

And lots of academics, especially, anthropologists and archaeologists, are consistent in rejecting all differences as single exceptions or anomalies without considering the reality that all the single exceptions and anomalies actually create a larger body of evidence than the accepted pool of their textbook fact supporting evidence.

The other absurdity is that if you do not have hard evidence then it doesn’t exist. The fallacy in that is that an absence of proof does not prove absence. More importantly ignoring evidence does not mean the evidence is lacking. Denying evidence does not mean that the evidence is lacking.

Now you might wonder what any of this means regarding the aforementioned books. Both books discuss very well documented and accepted means of destruction of parts of the earth’s land areas. Some of those destructive means include massive flooding, earthquakes, volcanoes and land-slides; however, there are other means of destruction as well, natural and man-made from impact events and tsunamis to intentional destruction from razing and rebuilding conquered lands to scorched earth campaigns.

Logically, it is very possible to accept the likely probability that there are whole societies and complete civilizations that have quite literally been erased from history and existence. It is also, completely logical and probable to presume that evidence has been misinterpreted and misunderstood and thus mislabeled and misidentified and used to create or support an erroneous narrative.

The hypocrisy is in the scholars and experts that will say one thing in their textbooks and classrooms, such as how important water is to human existence and advancement and then deny that humans mastered water travel tens or hundreds of thousands of years ago. Logic would dictate that if something is so important to a group that the group would learn and master all uses that would benefit the group.For example, hunting, we did not just hunt for food, we learned how to utilize the whole animal for everything from food to adornment to clothing and tools and shelter; yet, we would not have used water for all its benefits?

Witching Badness

Bad Witch
Only Bad Witches Are Ugly

We have given you some background about witches and witch hunting, now let’s travel into the darker spaces.
Witches are people just like you and me. Thus, witches just like any other group of people have good people and bad people and people that might be good and do a bad thing or bad people that might do a good thing.
While most modern witches will tell you that all real witches are good witches, that is not, nor has it always been the truth. The kind of witch you are is completely self-determined.
Most witches do use their knowledge and craft for good and fully believe that they are only to do good and help those in need and to never bring harm. There are, however, others that use their skills to gain revenge or self-advantage or to acquire power or fame or just sell their skill for a price without any thought to its use.

So let’s take a look at some of the real witches that have given the Dark Side the limelight!

Let’s start with some that have certainly gone down in history as being mean, vengeful, vile or downright evil;
(Remembering that we do not have 100% proof of any of the accuracies of the stories)

Rasputin
Rasputin, The Mad Monk. Wikipedia Commons

1: Let’s begin with one of the most notorious evil figures of history, albeit it a modern one, that of Rasputin, The Mad Monk. Grigori Rasputin was a self-proclaimed Holy Man and close to the wife of the last Russian Czar, Nicholas Romanov II. Rasputin gained his status with Czarina Alexandra by ‘saving her son Alexi’. Due to his closeness to the royal family and what most saw as the tyrannical and backwardness of Czar Nicholas, Rasputin had many enemies and was accused of everything from Black Magic and witchcraft, to controlling the Czar through magic and witchcraft. Some of the stories supporting the claim that he was a witch and powerful in the ways of magic and evil, regard the tales of him surviving assassination attempts, the first in 1914 and then again in 1916, though eventually he did end up dead.

The second and final attempt to murder Rasputin was organized and probably carried out by conspirators that included the Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich and Prince Felix Yusupov. Their original plan was to poison him with cyanide laced dink and food, supposedly enough to kill 5 grown men. When the poison failed to have any effect, the men repeatedly beat Rasputin, surviving the onslaught, he was finally shot in the back. The story then goes, that Rasputin jumped up or got up violently and was shot 3 more times including in the head. Thinking they had succeeded in their murder, Rasputin was wrapped in some sheet or rug or such and thrown into the Neva river. Ironically, when his body was pulled from the river a couple days later, it was determined that he had been still alive upon entry into the water and that he showed signs of trying to claw or break his way out of the icy water and his actual cause of death was either drowning or hypothermia.

It is believed that Rasputin told the Czar, “If I am killed by common men, you and your children will rule Russia for centuries to come; if I am killed by one of your stock, you and your family will be killed by the Russian people.

Dame Alice Kyteler By Paddy Shaw
Dame Alice Kyteler by Paddy Shaw

2: Now let’s venture to the other side of Europe, all the way to Ireland, for our next lister! Scotland and Ireland both were less hysterical about witches than the rest of Europe, probably cause they took to Christianity in a little different way. However, in 1324 Dame Alice Kyteler, became Ireland’s first charged witch. Dame Alice was a wealthy moneylender whom had the unfortunate habit of outliving her husbands, all 4 of them. When her 4th husband began to fall ill, his children insisted that something was amiss.
The Church put Dame Alice Kyteler on trail for leading a secret society of heretical sorcerers. Not only was she the first witch to be accused in Ireland, she was also the first to be accused of relations with an incubus. Due to her allies in important positions or her black magic, she stayed ahead of her tormentors, even evading her death sentence by disappearing the night before. Never to be seen again.

witch-and-her-cat3: In 1566, on July 29th, Agnus Waterhouse became the first woman executed for the crime of witchcraft, in England. Agnus was one of 3 women charged with witchcraft crimes, one of the others being her daughter Joan. It was Joan’s testimony in part that led to the conviction of the other 2 women. It is said that Agnus did confess her crimes and claimed her familiar a cat turned toad, named Satan as her means of doing harm to others.

One of the unusual aspects of Agnus’ case is that The Church was not involved in her case. The investigation and trail were a secular matter, brought on by the charge that she did through the use of Black Magic cause illness to a certain William Fynne, who died on 1 November 1565. In spite of seeming to willing and openly confess to all of her witching deeds, it is reported that she broke down upon arriving at the gallows and even begged God for forgiveness.

George_Pickingill,_Cunning_Man
George Pickingill via Wikipedia

4: Cunning folk, was another term for wise men and women and healers and other helpers of life in the village that were outside the normal polite society tea invites. They provided potions and predictions and other help for those in need. There has been and will always be debate about whether cunning folk are helpers or cons and this is definitely arguable for our next lister. George Pickingill, whom was the self-declared ‘oldest man in England’ was rumored to have been a cunning man in Essex. He was remembered as providing healing assistance to some and coercing drinks and assistance from others under threat of cursing.

It is documented that he was not as old as his claims, and it is reported that he remarked once that it was easier for older people to get parish charity, something that we know he did receive. Some of the rumors claim that George in addition to being a cunning man, was also the leader of a coven of 9 witches of the Dark Arts. There has been no proof of this, that being said, it would be logical that if he coerced others into ‘helping’ him, he may have used the threat or implication that he had witches under his control. It was his “old man” claim that got him known across England, and only later through the research of an Eric Maple into the folk lore and magical/witch stories of Essex that George came to light as a sometimes respected and other times feared cunning man of note.

Tituba-Longfellow-Corey
Tituba via Wikipedia

5: Across the pond we jump to find one of the most famous of the witches from America’s most famous Witch Trial. In Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692, Elizabeth Parris and Abigail Williams began acting strangely. The doctor determined that it was the Devil’s work. Upon questioning, the girls accused 3 women that were considered lesser members of the community, an old lady, a beggar, and the first accused, tried and convicted, a slave named Tituba. Tituba was the slave of Rev. Samuel Parris, father of Elizabeth, and believed to have come from the island of Barbados.

Initially, Tituba denied all charges, then she claimed only to work protection spells, after breaking, however, she confessed to having dealings with the Devil and she named other witches in the town. Her confessions and testimony was bizarre and frightening to those who heard it, and thus began the hysteria that would lead to more than 200 accusations of witchcraft and the execution of at least 19 men and women, and the deaths during jailing of even more.

However, Tituba was fortunate, while she was indeed imprisoned for over a year, she escaped execution for her accused crimes. In 1693, an unknown person paid her jail fees, which the Rev. Parris had refused to pay, thus in essence purchasing her and upon her release she disappears from history.

la voisin
La Voisin by Antoine Coypel via metmuseum.org

6: Our last witch is La Voisin or Catherine Monvisin of France. She lived in France in the mid-1600’s with her husband, a jeweler, whose business went bankrupt. Possibly, through her husband’s customers, she gained some note for her premonitions. To make ends meet after her husband’s failure, she sold love potions, healing drugs, abortion drugs and even poisons. She also practised midwifery and arranged black masses where clients could confer with the Devil. In addition she was supposedly one of the leaders of the affaire des poisons, a cult that poisoned many members of the French aristocracy.

There were many nobles among her clients, the most famous one being Madame de Montespan, the King’s mistress.
In the 1670’s fear of witchcraft reached a fever pitch in Paris and La Voisin, along with her daughter and many others were accused and arrested. In 1680, she was burned at the stake at Place de Grieve. After her execution, it became known that her daughter revealed a series of secrets at the High Court, including the plot to poison the King. It was supposedly for Madame de Montespan that La Voisin attempted to poison the King for infidelity.

While this is the end of our list we do have some Honorable Mentions, more to give you something to ponder until the next article!

Anne Boleyn was the second wife of King Henry VIII. As Queen of England, Anne became an educated, extremely intelligent woman of power. She was believed to employ magical advisers and engaged in mystical practises. In spite of accusations of treason, adultery, incest and witchcraft, resulting in her execution by beheading, she is known as one of the most influential queens in history.

Angele de la Barthe, was a wealthy, noble woman of Toulouse, France, who lived between 1230 and 1275. She was an adept of Catharism, and thus deemed a heretic by The Church. She was accused of being a witch after the supposed disappearance of several babies in the area. After severe torture by the Inquisition, Angele confessed to sexual intercourse with the Devil, and producing a half-man, wolf-snake son, who feed on babies. She is presumed to be the first witch executed during the Medieval Witch Hunt.

Leonardtown, Maryland has a tale that some say is more lore and legend than fact, but is it?
Moll Dyer lived in the area in the late 1600’s and for whatever reasons, maybe cause she lived alone, her fellow townspeople accused her of witchcraft. As such a group of men chased her out of her own home one winter night and her body was found days later frozen to a large stone.

Theirs are just a few of the tells of the witches among us and we will be sharing more during the rest of the month.

 

The (A) History Of Witches

witch on a broom clip artThe origins or history or witches is very much dependent on the researchers definition of just what a witch is. That might seem absurd, everyone knows what a witch is, most dictionaries define one as “a woman thought to have magic powers, especially evil ones, popularly depicted as wearing a black cloak and pointed hat and flying on a broomstick.” (See the clip art image on the left)

However, if you ask an individual that identifies as a witch or several, you are likely to get more definitions than you ever imagined existed. Thus, with so many modern ideas and concepts of a witch, it is easy to see how a researcher’s journey might actually wander ‘off-course’ in the search for the “fist witch” or the “origin of the witch.” Let us explore some of the journeys of academic witch-hunters.

Burning Joan of Arc
Burning Of Joan of Arc

In modern translations of The Bible, in English, Exodus mentions witches; Ch. 22:18 “Thou shall not suffer a witch to live.” (KJV) There are other English versions that use the word sorceress, however, there is scholarly debate about the original word and its actual meaning during the time of the writings. Mekhashepha is the original Hebrew word used in Exodus. What does it mean? More importantly, what did it mean to the Hebrews of the day.

Modern Hebrew does define mekhashepha as witch, however, the late Merrill F. Unger, in his book “Biblical Demonology”, identifies the root of the word, kashaph, as “mutterings”, specifying that it referenced witches whom practiced magic using incantations and mutterings. A different opinion can be found with Kenneth Kitchen, of the University of Liverpool, suggesting the root means “to cut” and thus refers to herbalists.

Jewish sages in the 3rd century BCE, in their translations used the Greek word pharmakia, which is considered by some scholars to refer to herbalists and to others such as Reginal Scott, author of “The Discoverie of Witchcraft”, to mean “poisoner”. There does seem to be an original view that magic or witchcraft was practiced in all times, but the oldest bans, such as in The Code of Hammurabi,  referred to those practitioners that used their “magic” for evil or harm, declaring a death sentence for anyone who used magic to harm another, without condemning those who cause no harm.

Wise Woman Healer
A wise woman

There seems to be a general consensus that those we label as witches in history, did not get a blanket judgment of being evil and “doing the Devil’s work” until the Christian era. One thing that most people of the modern era seem to take for granted is the existence of the Devil. The Devil is not an across the board creature of all beliefs and cultures. The Devil is a Christian concept, just like Hell. The Jews do not believe in the Devil and their The Satan is not just another name for The Devil. In their beliefs The Satan (sah-tahn) is an angel or “son of God” and no, he is not a “fallen angel” or rejected son, he is in fact part of the “justice system” of Heaven or God, and his role is along the lines of prosecutor or district attorney. Thus, for our point in the story, witches came before the Devil and not with or after in the history of mankind.

Before the Church deemed all witches to be evil, historic view seems to suggest that most “witches” were actually healers and or “wise women”. There are some who claim that Lilith, the first wife of Adam was a demon and the first witch and others that liken any of the “bad” goddesses or deities of ancient times to being the original witches, such as Medusa and Isis. This search for the first witch in some preconceived demonic female is more a reflection of personal belief of the researcher than in factual historic evidence.

Last Salem Witch Executions 22SEP1692
Last Executions Salem Witch Trials

The most destructive blow to the existence of people, mostly women that were different or social outcasts, was the publication of “Malleus Maleficarum” (The Hammer of Witches), this work penned by German Dominicans in 1486 condemned the most vulnerable and the most independent to a life of fear. Worse, though, for 80,000 poor souls it led to their imprisonment, torture and death for nothing more than fear driven ignorance supported by The Church and The Pope.

For more than a century “Malleus Maleficarum” sold more copies than any other book, except The Bible and led to witch hunt mania from Europe to the American colonies. What transpired over the course of the 16th and into the 17th century was nothing short of social genocide and a supposed “moral cleansing” of the villages and towns that wanted someone to blame and punish for just dumb bad luck and plain misfortune.

 

References:

  • Haaretz — https://www.haaretz.com/archaeology/thou-shalt-not-suffer-a-witch-to-live-a-murderous-mistranslation-1.5443682
  • King James Version The Holy Bible (public domain)
  • BibleHub — https://biblehub.com/exodus/22-18.htm
  • Jew in the City – Orthodox Unexpected — https://jewinthecity.com/2017/10/what-is-the-jewish-view-of-the-devil/
  • History Channel — https://www.history.com/topics/folklore/history-of-witches
  • Time — https://time.com/3398176/salem-witch-trials/

Join Us For The Journey

Background Conversations With Cassi Logo
Photo Credit: Cassi Merten

So while I have not been doing a lot of writing in quite awhile, I have still been doing a lot of reading, research, and following of others’ research and theories. I have, also, been working out my next pursuit in my head and on paper, so to speak. I have long thought that the “official” story of humanity has some major contradictions and errors in it. Even as a child, raised basically in a christian’ish belief system, I always had questions about things that made no sense to me or that did not seem to tell the whole story or answer all the questions that I had.

Questions like; if Adam and Eve were the first people then why did Cain need to be marked? Didn’t ALL the people (his family) already know who he was and what he did? And if everyone was going to descend from Adam and Eve then wouldn’t they all know who Cain was already? Of course some versions say that God sent them out to find wives, again if Adam and Eve were the first then where were they to go out to to find wives? And Noah, how was he supposed to fit pairs of ALL the animals in the world in his Ark? How was he supposed to get all the animals to his Ark? And again, if it is just Noah and his family (and different versions define the family in different ‘sizes’), where do wives after the flood come from?

Moving forward to school and studies the same half stories with glaring unanswered issues seemed to be more the norm than the exception. The most awful facet was the way that half-stories were not told as this is what we think, believe, or our best guess. Instead, it was stated as unquestionable fact that would beget harsh criticism and ostracization if it was indeed question or if the holes in the supporting facts were pointed out, some so big you could fly the Sun through.

Private Collection Artifacts
Photo Credit: Bekah Olsen

Such ‘facts’ as the Sphinx was built at the same time as the pyramids, yet, while it has in known times spent most of its time covered up to it’s neck in sand, it is the most weathered and repaired of the structures on the plateau. Or that if the Great Pyramid was a tomb, why is it devoid of ALL things that identify tombs fit for pharaohs? If we have only been ‘civilized’ for between 5,000 to 8,000 years, then who built Gobekli Tepe? If we are so advanced and the ancients so unsophisticated from a technological point of view, why can we not easily replicate their famous works?

When we hear their stories of the heavens and the earth and heroes and disasters, why do we assume that they are just made up tales to serve totally abstract purposes? Why is it so easy for experts to dismiss the ancients as being ignorant, in spite of the fact that evidence to the contrary is all around us, from the ruins of ancient cities to their stories and languages? What makes a culture or people “advanced” or “civilized” or “technological”?

In the upcoming articles, I will be looking into Egypt as a possible key between what is now and what was before and is now hidden from our story. We will look at new theories about the Giza plateau. We will also explore megalithic structures from Egypt and the Mediterranean Region to the British isles. We will explore connections between the Egyptian language and cosmology and similar concepts in other cosmologies from the Dogon to Gobekli Tepe to Indian Stuppas. We will look into the study that concludes greater genetic relations between Ancient Egyptians and modern Britains than Ancient and modern-day Egyptians. We will ponder anomalies such as tobacco and cocaine found in Egyptian mummies and hieroglyphs found in Australian rock carvings. We will consider pyramids from Asia to the Americas. In addition, we will consider similarities between pieces of cave art, pectoglyphs and geoglphys. All this is just the beginning of the journey, so come along for the adventure!

And let’s see where this leads us and where we end up.

 

Have you met Mrs. Sherlock Holmes

Mrs Sherlock Holmes Cover Ricca
via Amazon

Mrs. Sherlock Holmes, you say? As in the wife of?
Oh, no! As in the female American counterpart….
No, I have never heard of such.
Well, you are not alone. Let me give you a little introduction…

There was a lady in black that quietly but diligently made her presence a powerful force to reckon with in the streets and prisons and courtrooms of New York, not to mention the Halls of Power in D.C. She was a lady of some substance, whom preferred to be a judicial voice of the people. Those desperate, down-trodden, deprived masses whom mostly struggled to reach the base of Lady Liberty full of hope and dreams, thus finding the reality of the American Dream more elusive within her lands than had seemed from distant shores.

If you are interested in the gritty reality of NYC in the early part of the 20th Century, this might just meet your needs. Ricca’s research and writing combine to provide a compelling insight into the colliding worlds and cultures of turn of the century America. His writing style is encompassing narration of such a wholeness in presentation that when he reaches the end of the research queries you are left feeling somewhat let down. Thus, including the reader in the same dismay that must have burdened the lives of those souls in need of true justice from a system already bogged down with bias and corruption.

I must confess that while I personally, had no idea of the stories presented in the pages of Mrs. Sherlock Holmes, and being drawn into the lives of bygone injustices, I am not sure how I feel about the main character in the end. The story takes the reader on trips not just across time, but also from the belly of the city beast to the muddy bottoms of the southern swamp lands to the isolated confines of Missouri cotton plantations. The fingers of crime and injustice don’t just stop there, you are exposed to their reach to and from the Old World extending even to exotic locales of South America.

One detail that I did find soothing to that injury, was his inclusion of ‘end notes’ for most of the persons of interest presented in the body. So while, you are left asking yourself….wait, where’s the rest, is that all, but what about and so what happened then…..you at least know how the who(s) bowed out.

High In The Andes ~ On The Sea Floor

tia.harbor2 via viewzone
via viewzone.com

Tiahuanaco is the ‘home of the gods’ according to Andean myths. Located a few miles from the present day shore of Lake Titicaca, the ruins of this city along with the Sacred Islands of Titicaca and Puma Punku seem to allude to a misplacement of credit and time. Most textbooks and even the museum near the Kalasasaya, state as fact, not theory, that Tiahuanaco rose to power around 100AD, peaked around 500AD and then steadily declined into ruin by 1000AD. (3. pg59) Yet, the agreed descendants to the culture of Tiahuanaco, the Incas clearly told chroniclers that the builders of the places were ancient and of the gods and or with the gods. The Incas’ stories do not back up the time lines of the textbooks; of course the textbooks also still state as a fact that the Incas built Machu Picchu. Again, the Incas plainly told chroniclers that they inherited the site already built. This complete disregard by ‘experts’ of information given by the people in question, themselves, is arrogant and rude and leads to bad conclusions being drawn from less reliable sources.

The Bolivian Altplano is roughly 12,000ft or almost 3,700m above sea level. However, the amazing water feature, Lake Titicaca, has some very sea-level features, including the only place on Earth to find ‘fresh-water’ seahorses. The geology supports the theory that at some time in the past, most geologists say about 100 million years ago, some upheval occurred that raised the ‘lake’ from at least sea level if not part of the sea itself to its present elevation. If you look around the sites, huge monolithic blocks are scattered like Lego’s across a child’s room and the ‘Gateway of the Sun’ was torn apart like cardboard, in affect the ancient sites look like they survived an event at least similar to the geologic event that relocated the lake and even shifted the shorelines as a result. The paradox is that where geology says something big happened 100 million years ago, archaeology says the sites declined in 500AD based on the same resulting evidence, neither acknowledge the facts of the other.

tiahuanaco templeofKalasasaya go2peru
via bibliotecapleyades.net

Enter the skies…early in the 20th century Professor Arthur Posnansky dated Tiahuanaco to 15,000BCE. His dates were based on mathematical and astronomical figures. (2. pg 66) Several years later a German team checked the work done by Prof. Posnansky and agreed that his work was accurate, however, they placed a more conservative, yet still sensational date of 9,300BCE for the site layout. These dates are mostly ignored by textbooks and archaeologists. To refute these dates or more specifically to support traditional expert dates some massive landscape change had to have taken place affecting the whole of the Altplano around the year 500AD. This upheval would have had to be massive enough to move city and or lake approximately 12 miles distant and change the shoreline to explain the discrepancy of over 100 feet between the city level and current shorelines.

There are also other interesting details concerning the peoples that still inhabit the region, such as their reed boats that resemble the boats of the Nile. The stories of their civilizer, Viracocha, being conspired against by 72 enemies and being lost to the water, just like Osiris. Viracocha not resembling them in appearance, but resembling someone of ‘European’ appearance. And more interesting similarities that we will explore later.

Resources;

1) ALVA, Walter & LONGHENA, Maria. The Incas And Other Ancient Andean Civilizations. 2007. White Star s.p.a. Barnes & Noble, Inc. New York

2) HANCOCK, Graham. Fingerprints Of The Gods. 1995 Crown Publishers, New York

3) WILSON, Colin. Atlantis And The Kingdom Of The Neanderthals. 2006. Bear & Company Books. Rochester, VT.

4) JONES, David M. Dr.. The Lost History Of The Incas. Hermes House.

5) HAWKES, Jacquetta, Editor. Atlas Of Ancient Archaeology. 1994 Reprint. (1974 Rainbird Reference Books Lmt.). Barnes & Noble, Inc. w/Printing House Tiskarna. Slovenia.

6) LITTLETON, C. Scott, General Editor.  Mythology The Illustrated Anthology Of World Myth & Storytelling. 2007. (2002. Duncan Baird Publishing) Barnes & Noble, Inc. London.

Our 100 Year Loss

100 years ago today the little country with a huge heart stood up to a much larger European power. The little country was Serbia, she refused to be ‘annexed’ and ‘occupied’ by the Austro-Hungary Empire. The Serbs believed, just as our Founding Fathers, that men had the right to determine their own destinies and that freedom was worth fighting for. When the little country of Serbia stood up to her aggressor, she showed the world that some ideas were worth the fight and were larger than any invading army. It was not an easy fight, nor was it short or civilized, for those are not the way of war. It was the heart and soul of each Serb that supported her cause and did in fact aid in her ability to hold out against such insurmountable odds.

During the days of this struggle of the Serbian people in a land far removed from American Shores, it was the original spirit of America that stood with them and is best remembered in these words by then President Wilson;

save-serbia-our-ally-posterOn Sunday, 28th of this present month, will occur the fourth anniversary of the day when the gallant people of Serbia, rather than submit to the studied and ignoble exactions of a prearranged foe, were called upon by the war declaration of Austria-Hungary to defend their territory and their homes against an enemy bent on their destruction. Nobly did they respond. So valiantly and courageously did they oppose the forces of a country ten times greater in population and resources that it was only after they had thrice driven the Austrians back and Germany and Bulgaria had come to the aid of Austria that they were compelled to retreat into Albania. While their territory has been devastated and their homes despoiled, the spirit of the Serbian people has not been broken. Though overwhelmed by superior forces, their love of freedom remains unabated. Brutal force has left unaffected their firm determination to sacrifice everything for liberty and independence.

It is fitting that the people of the United States, dedicated to the self-evident truth that is the right of the people of all nations, small as well as great, to live their own lives and choose their own Government, and remembering that the principles for which Serbia has so nobly fought and suffered are those for which the United States is fighting, should on the occasion of this anniversary manifest in an appropriate manner their war sympathy with this oppressed people who have so heroically resisted the aims of the Germanic nations to master the world. At the same time, we should not forget the kindred people of the Great Slavic race–the Poles, the Czechs and Jugo-Slavs, who, now dominated and oppressed by alien races yearn for independence and national unity.
This can be done in a manner no more appropriate than in our churches.
I, therefore, appeal to the people of the United States of all faiths and creeds to assemble in their several places of worship on Sunday July 28, for the purpose of giving expression to their sympathy with this subjugated people and their oppressed and dominated kindred on other lands, and to invoke the blessings of Almighty God upon them and upon the cause to which they are pledged.
Woodrow Wilson, President
The White House, July 1918

If as an American you managed to get through that speech without the slightest hint of shame or guilt or feeling of smallness, then you have lost all of the spirit that built this once great nation. For those of you that think that America is still the ‘Greatest’ nation on Earth and deserving of the title of ‘Superpower’ let me point out the basic tenant of the founding of America and of her foreign policy up till 100 years ago, when She sold out and lost her honor and valor and integrity;

It is fitting that the people of the United States, dedicated to the self-evident truth that is the right of the people of all nations, small as well as great, to live their own lives and choose their own Government…

Whether we adhere to the truth or not, it is still truth that it is the RIGHT of the people of ALL nations to live their own lives and choose their own governments. It is NOT the right of this country or any other country to impose by bribery, intimidation, or force their own will for their own gain over the people of another country. And it should NEVER be accepted by the people of any nation that their government allow such incursions against their sovereignty.

Ancient Secrets from Ancient Map Makers

According to most textbooks and published material on the subject, humanity became ‘civilized’ no more than circa 6,000 years ago, or ~4,000BCE. The first centers of civilization were the Fertile Crescent of the Middle East where Sumer and Egypt sprang forth about 3,500BCE, then the Indus Valley and China and 1,500 years later civilization appeared spontaneously and independently in the Americas. All the ‘independent’ areas just mentioned have and are credited with building pyramids, have stories of  Gods giving the gifts of civilization, studied the stars with incredible accuracy, and seemed to have a real and in-depth knowledge of the vastness of, not only, our world, but, the universe, as well. They did not doubt the existence of peoples from lands across the seas, they did not seem to deny the diversity of humanity, and they seemed to have more open minds about where we came from and how we progressed than do we humans of today.

Some of these cultures seemed to have very detailed and complex concepts of time and some seem to have the mathematical comprehension to create vast structures, some that modern man still does not fully understand; yet, we consider and label these cultures as ‘primitive’ or ‘technologically childish’. We have discussed how secrets or important information about our past might have been recorded for us to discover in the construction of the Giza Plateau and we will also discuss this when we explore other pyramid complexes and the layout of henges across Europe and other sacred sites, such as city plans in the Americas. For this article though, we are going to discuss knowledge that was left to us by unidentified people from an unidentified place and time that has managed to survive, if, as with all open secrets, one only looks.

LibraryofAlexandria
Library of Alexandria via crystalinks.com

If I could have any one thing from all history (well known history that is)  to explore and see and wander through, it would be the Library at Alexandria. It is believed that the library contained either the actual or copies of almost every piece of known knowledge of the time. Many of these treasures of history have been lost to humanity since their collecting within the great rooms of the Library.

The Library was part of the Musaeum of Alexandria, which was the predecessor of universities as the primary centers of research and higher education. Thus their knowledge was not limited to one area or state or source. It is said that every ship arriving in port in Alexandria was searched for ‘books’ which were then taken to the library where they were copied and it was a copy that was returned to the owner of the ‘borrowed book’. However, due to political winds of change many scholars that had studied at the great library removed themselves from Alexandria to other great cities of the time, such as Constantinople with her Imperial Library.

And it is at the Imperial Library that probably the most famous ‘ancient secret’ is revealed through the works of a favored and renown Turkish Admiral of the Ottoman Navy, Piri Reis. In about 1513AD, Piri Reis compiled a map that showed the West Coast of Africa, the East Coast of South America and the Northern Coast of Antarctica. While, if your history of European exploration is a little weak, you might think so what, what makes this a big deal; the thing is that his map shows Antarctica’s coast without ice. Let that sink in. I will wait. . . . . .

Piri Reis 1513AD Map
via http://laleyendaestaahifuera.blogspot.com

Okay, now let’s discuss some other ‘features’ of the map that lead to some interesting thoughts, or should. Piri Reis tells us in the notes on the map, that he compiled his map from contemporary as well as older source charts that he apparently found within the Imperial Library, some dating as far back as the 4th century BCE. So Piri Reis admits that he is not the original compiler, the man is a known historical figure, he was well respected, until he fell from grace and was beheaded. He was a Naval Admiral, so he understood maps and map-making, he authored Kitabi Bahriye, a famous sailing book providing comprehensive information of the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas. Thus it can be said that the man was learned and knowledgeable about maps and map-making and the geography of the world.

So before we return to the ice free coast of Antarctica, lets see what else this enigmatic maps tells us. Other features on Reis’ map, that are of interest, include the following, with regard to South America;
1) the land mass is depicted from its eastern coast to the Andes, not yet discovered or mapped;
2) the map depicts the Falkland Islands, which were discovered in 1592;
3) the map does not show the Orinoco River, but instead shows two estuaries extending about 100 miles inland in the current location of the river;
4) the map appears to show the mouth of the Amazon not once but twice, first with only the Pora River mouth and without the island Marajo and secondly with Marajo as an island and in great detail (Marajo being discovered in 1543)
5) the map shows a large island about 700 miles off the coast of Brazil, that currently does not exist, however this island lays over the sub-oceanic Mid Atlantic Ridge where the Rocks of Sts. Peter and Paul jut above the waves.

To return to the original and most interesting anomaly, the ice free coast of Antarctica is that of Queen Maud Land, shown in accurate detail according to seismic surveys of 1948.  Antarctica was discovered in its present frozen state in 1818 and according to geological study of the area, the last time that Queen Maud Land would have been free of ice was between 15,000 – 6,000 years ago.
Military analysis of the map suggest that it is accurate and correct, mathematically speaking and seems to be drawn from an Azimuthal Equidistant Projection centered near Cairo.

Ah, but maybe he just got lucky and imagined well! Well, maybe he did, but if he did he was not the only respected map maker with such imagination! Let us see what other renowned and learned men of the time presented in their work.

Finaeus
Oronteus Finaeus 1531 World Map

The next such cartographer that shows us Antarctica, under the ice, is Oronteus Finaeus. In 1531, Finaeus compiles a map that shows the coastal areas of the frozen continent ice-free. His map shows rivers and mountains, however, while he shows much more of the land mass his map is devoid of landscape features in the deep interior, suggesting the presence of glaciers during the origin of his source maps. Study of his map suggests that he used multiple source maps that used different projections, however, even so, Finaeus accurately locates Antarctica within the correct latitudes and longitudes. Finaeus’ map showing the whole coast ice-free gives a look at areas like Ross Sea that have not been seen in modern times with rivers flowing down from mountains not yet buried under a mile or more of ice, which is confirmed by core studies showing that layers of ‘fine-grained and well assorted sediment’ washed into the Ross Sea until about 6000 years ago. Thus, the cores suggest that before 6000 years ago there were in fact rivers that emptied into the Ross Sea and deposited their sediment carried down from the mountains before the glaciers covered the land and interrupted the flow.

The next 16th Century map maker that gives us more to ponder, is none other than Gerard Kremer, known to most of us that study geography as Mercator. Yes, that would be the same Mercator as Mercator projection, which is still in wide use today within the field of cartography.  Mercator included the above Finaeus Map in his Atlas of 1569 along with maps of his own. His maps such as this one showed Antarctica with identifiable Capes, Seas, Islands, Peninsulas, Bays, Mountains, Rivers and Estuaries.

Mercator World Map
via www.antiquemapsandprints.com

As European explorers returned with their ‘first-hand’ charts Mercator’s accuracy in his maps actually decreased. It is believed that the primary reason for this flaw lies in the complexity involved in proper and accurate map making. In simple terms proper map-making requires 3 things;
1) great journeys of discovery
2) advanced mathematical and cartography skills
3) sophisticated and accurate chronometers.

16th Century Explorers were lacking the sophisticated and accurate chronometers, it would not be until the late 18th Century that modern man was able to ‘invent’ such an instrument and thus acquire the ability to map our world properly.

Buache 1737 Map
via www.diegocuoghi.com

Into the 18th Century, ancient secrets were still being revealed by map-makers. French geographer, Philippe Buache’s map of Antarctica from 1737, shows a completely ice free land mass, actually 2 land-masses, thus implying that his sources were thousands of years older than either Mercator or Fineaus.

These examples are not the only ones that give us glimpses of ‘history before modern man’, but these are the most well known and since they all depict Antarctica in some form prior to her current state they show not just a glimpse but several moments in time prior to our understanding of history. The mere fact that the glimpses are recorded and have survived are amazing enough, yet the implications of their true and complete meaning are awe inspiring and should be pursued to the fullest to expand our knowledge of our history and our beginnings.  If this isn’t enough to make you wonder just when or how many times man has become ‘civilized’ then I invite you to check out for yourself the following other examples of extraordinary maps of history.
1) Claudius Ptolemy’s 2nd century Map of the North that shows southern Sweden covered with remnant glaciers and present day lakes.
2) a Chinese map carved on a stone pillar from 1137AD of precise and high quality information including accurate longitude.
3) ‘Dulcert Portolano’ of 1339AD, the map focuses on Europe and North Africa, the longitude of the Mediterranean and Black Seas are correct to within half a degree an the latitude is ‘perfect’ across the breadth, ‘with highly scientific accuracy….from Galway, Ireland to the eastern bend of the Don in Russia.’
4) Zeno Map of 1380AD, this map covers vast areas of the north as far as Greenland with longitudes and latitudes that are ‘amazingly accurate’.
5) Iehudi Ibn Ben Zara’s 1487AD Portolano of Europe and North Africa depicts glaciers further south than Sweden and also show more islands in the Aegean Sea, also the average error of longitude is less than a degree.
6) Turk Hadji Ahmed’s map of 1559 show a land strip a thousand miles wide that connects Alaska to Siberia the same land bridge that geologists say was lost to the rising sea levels with the end of the last Ice Age, a fact unknown to modern man of the 16th century.

And for further reading on the subject:
Maps of The Ancient Sea Kings by Charles Hapgood
Path of the Pole By Charles Hapgood
Fingerprints of the Gods by Graham Hancock
Underworld by Graham Hancock

Tectonics – Shemtonics

Ice_Age_Europe_mapThe last factor that we will discuss that leads to most errors, limits and misunderstanding within the pursuit of historical knowledge is change. What do I mean by change? Maybe another word could be movement. Both change and movement impact where and how we live and settle and grow. Man has not always lived as we do today. Nor has man always lived in just one location, even ‘civilized’ man, and certainly not the hunter-gather ancestors of the Stone Age.

As the title implies we are going to discuss two ‘natural’ events that have HUGE impact on human location, movement, and lifestyle. The two natural events that we are going to discuss are Plate Tectonics and Ice Ages. Both events have a greater impact on our history than we give them credit for, mainly because we do not believe that modern man has lived through an Ice Age and most of the movement of Plate Tectonics is a very slow and gradual process. Yet, geologists will tell you that we are in an Ice Age, just that we are in the glacial minimum cycle of the current one.

volcano eruption
via themalaysiantimes.com

I understand that at first look that Plate Tectonics might seem like a reach for studying human history, but the plates are still moving and those movements cause volcanoes and earthquakes and those events cause other natural disasters like tsunamis, floods, even mini Ice Ages. So while the movement of the plates is so slow that we do not notice in our lifetime. We do notice when their movement impacts our lives from the aforementioned events. Pompeii was buried under the ash and debris of Mt. Vesuvius’ 79AD eruption, thus ceasing to exist and falling into the pages of history. The Boxing Day Tsunami of 2004 not only killed at least 230,000 people in 14 different countries with 1.6 million persons displaced; poor coastal fishing villages were the hardest hit, some literally washed off the map. Across the Indian Ocean remains of an ancient port city at Mahabalipuram on the south coast of India were uncovered when the layers of sand that had buried the area were washed away by the tsunami. This shows us that while Mother Nature can take away she can also give back.

Indonesian tsunami bbc
Indonesia via bbc uk

Our other natural event that impacts human lifestyle are Ice Ages. Yes, I used the plural, cause I have a very open mind. That way if we find something new that predates the experts fact sheet, I can accept it based on its own merit and not debunk it cause it hurts my ego. What happens when Ice Ages occur is that new glaciers form and existing glaciers expand. When this happens a very noticeable amount of water is removed from the water cycle and thus from the bodies of water around the world. Why does this matter? It means that the coast lines change. They move further out, in other words, land masses appear to grow. For man, this means that fishing villages have to move to be near the coast again. Having less water in the water cycle will also show in lakes and rivers and watering holes. The temperatures are lower so there is less melt water in the summer and more snowfall in the winter. Less water will also mean less precipitation in certain areas thus changing the whole ecosystem and with that man in those affected ecosystems will have to either adapt or move. The big changes come when the Ice Age ends. When this happens, sometimes gradually and sometimes suddenly, usually though some combination of both, the water levels will increase a lot. The resulting impact is not only the loss of the physical presence of ‘new’ villages in certain coastal areas, but also the probability of high human loss in those new coastal areas, with the sudden changes.

The point to note is that Mother Nature can remove all traces of human presence in specific areas, like Pompeii, or in very broad areas, as in the Boxing Day Tsunami. And not every instance is recorded in written or even oral histories, so when we are given stories that tell of the amazing feats of Mother Nature they are worth listening too. Again keeping an open mind and using all resources available we might just find the most amazing discoveries yet. But again we have to have an open mind and shelf our arrogance. We have to accept what the evidence says and we need to not only be open to but actually encourage new conclusions when we have new knowledge or evidence or better or different testing methods.

The Only Guarantee of Freedom

 During the 18th Century, the British Colonies in America found themselves feeling more and more oppressed by a government that not only was not listening to them, but was so removed from them that they had no idea about the lives or issues facing the daily lives of the colonists. Ironically, most of the leaders of the Revolution were originally willing to remain British, if only their country would treat them properly. The first attempts to bring about change between the Acts coming out of Parliament and the quality of life of the colonists was in the form of editorials and pamphlets or the use of free speech and freedom of the press. When that brought no relief then the colonists sent envoys to plead their case in person in front of Parliament and the King. Benjamin Franklin was one such envoy and was actually initially a very loyal subject of the crown; that was until he was shown first hand exactly how poorly the Crown looked down on His subjects from ‘across the pond’. It was after this experience that Mr. Franklin returned to the Colonies to sadly state that there would be no comfort found under the rule of the Crown. Thus, the Revolution became necessary.
After with the founding of our free republic our forefathers wrote one of the greatest living documents ever. The whole point of the document was for it to be adaptable to the needs, not of the government, but the people. To insure the eternal freedom, or so the founding fathers thought, of the people of the United States, the Constitution included 10 Amendments, commonly known as the Bill of Rights. The rights include the most sacred and necessary rights for the people to be able to keep the government in check.

Amendment II
A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.

 The current government would tell you that an individual’s right to bear arms is limited to the purpose of the sport of hunting or sport target shooting and at the pleasure of the government. However, one needs only read the first 13 words of the Second Amendment to see that any limitation of any person of the United States to own any arms is a direct violation of the Constitution. The purpose of the Second Amendment clearly states, that our founding fathers understood that the public needed to be equally armed with the government so that it was the government that feared the people not the people who fear their government. An armed population is the ONLY guarantee of a free state. Any state that removes the right and means by which the population is to be equally armed with the government is a questionably oppressive government.

The Journey Begins

There are many ancient sites and artifacts that are known the world over. Some of these sites are mysterious and shrouded in wonder and enigmas, while others seem to be fully and or completely explained, at least according to the experts. Starting our ramblings through the moments of our history at one of the most recognizable locales on the planet seems appropriate for our journey.

giza-pyramids_24757_600x450We believe in labeling and ranking things in our world to give them importance and value. This act in and of itself seems simple and harmless enough; however, when we list things and rank things we are actually diminishing their importance in our world and limiting our understanding as well. There is a saying that we all have talents, things we excel in, however, if the fish is judged by how well he climbs a tree, then he will always feel stupid. By judging places and things against hard-fast, unbending limits that the egos of experts place in our knowledge banks it is not the sites and cultures and artifacts we make ‘stupid’, but ourselves. By accepting without question the words of the textbooks and experts we voluntarily shut ourselves into the dark closets of ignorance.

Returning to the start of our journey; the Giza Necropolis is the site of the Great Pyramids of Egypt, as well as, the Sphinx and other temples and archaeological finds that have yet to be fully understood. For this post we will focus on the Pyramids themselves. There are 3 great or grand pyramids in close proximity that are the last of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is a standard propagated fact that these pyramids were the tombs for the Pharaohs Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. It has been the practice of mainstream Egyptologists to criticize, ostracize and black-ball any researcher that does not hold to this archaic and suspect view.

Giza Necropolis DrawingIt has been one of the greatest mysteries, to my personal understanding, that academics and researchers do not seek the truth and knowledge, they seek fame and tenure. If these so called experts really believed their own opinions regarding the pyramids, then why not let every “out there,” “off the wall,” “crazy” person with a “wild” and “delusional” idea research it and study the site and fall flat on their face in the error of their own study. Instead any person that has any view that deviates from the idea that the pyramids are tombs is not even granted access to the site for research purposes.

Ironically, you do not need access to the site to call into question the statement that the Pyramids are tombs. First, there are burial mounds located all over the world, dirt mounds that have served as the final resting places for the deceased. That being said, there has not to this point ever been a body of a deceased found in the middle of any funeral pyramid structure any where in the world. You can try to point to priests and ‘kings’ that have been found in some American pyramids, but all their entombments were under said pyramids or added within them and the pyramids were not constructed for the purpose of their burials, instead the entombment was either repurposing of temples or after-thought. But our focus is not on ALL pyramids, just the 3 at Giza.

Valley Of The Kings via ancient eu
Valley Of The Kings via ancient.eu

According to mainstream Egyptologists, most pharaohs have been found buried in the Valley of the Kings. This is not a valley full of pyramids, nor is it the earliest or latest of the pharaohs. What I mean is that the Pharaohs of the Pyramids were from the 4th Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. Yet, building pyramids was not happening prior, even if you consider the Step Pyramid at Saqqara of Dojser, neither was it continued after the fact. Some Egyptologists might tell you this was due to grave robbers, but that contradicts the religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians. It is very hard to say with any certainty when certain tombs might have been raided. It is highly unlikely that the tombs were raided during the Dynastic periods, but were instead violated later by those peoples whose culture did not value the beliefs of the past times. The point being that the likelihood of just 3 Pharaohs, 4 if you count Djoser, building Pyramids for tombs and not being followed by subsequent Pharaohs when all other aspects of society remained virtually unchanged is slim to none.

If we allow for the study of the possibility of the Pyramids being those of our 3 Pharaohs, why did these pharaohs deviate so far from the norm before them and after them. What makes the burial rites and practices of our 3 so unique? Why would they basically shun their religion and culture and immortality by shunning the very things that would insure their place in the afterlife. If one only looks at the tombs found in the Valley of the Kings and see the names and images on the walls of tombs along with the verses of the Book of the Dead and the Book of the Gates, they provided the tomb resident with spells and advice to help get them to the afterlife. This information is missing from the King’s Chambers in the Pyramids of our 3 Pharaohs. So if the pyramids were their actual tombs you must consider that they lived such perfect lives they did not need any help facing their judgements or they snubbed the religion in death, that kept them in power in life. Both of those theories seems highly unlikely.

robbed tomb egypt
Robbed Tomb via Pintrest

We can put this theory aside if you have not started questioning the ‘truth’ yet and move to the next questionable fact regarding the Pyramids. Let’s assume for the sake of mainstream argument that these Pyramids were tombs. One of the main reasons that the Great Pyramid is considered Khufu’s is that his name is found on a ‘plaque’ near the Pyramid itself. Now if having your name on a building makes you the builder of said building, then George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln just became the most prolific builders in America. For their names adorn more public buildings than most any other notable leaders in American History. But more importantly, it was the practice of the Egyptians to bury with their Pharaohs, everything they would need in their afterlife. This matters since the afterlife was a mirrored existence of life on Earth. As it is above so it is below. Everything that one would need to be of their status in the afterlife was provided in their burial for their possession as needed. This included not only treasures, the desire of tomb robbers, but also mundane items for life, foods and daily basics, not so much valued by our robbers. Once again, these remnants were also missing from the burial chambers. Not even the debris of broken shards of pottery or spilled seeds remained after the robbing, thus inferring that they were also the neatest grave robbers in history.

Khufu_CEM
via wikipedia.com

So it seems that if we are to maintain and or accept that the Pyramids were tombs for our 3 Pharaohs, we have to accept several unsupported and irrational facts about them. First, that all Pharaohs that followed were incredibly humble and did not have a desire to leave their mark more permanently on the world. Secondly, that our Pharaohs either lived perfect sin free lives or snubbed their society’s belief in the afterlife. Thirdly, that they did not need any of the trivial things that ordinary Egyptians needed in their afterlife like food.

I hope that some of these presented views made you think and wonder. Ask questions and seek answers and do not believe that just because someone has letters, even the whole alphabet, after their name they are smarter than you. You can make the next big discovery just as surely as any expert, maybe even more so if your mind is open and your eyes are seeking.

 

The Evisceration of Yugoslavia as told by Dean Henderson

Today, I am posting links to a series of articles on the break up of Yugoslavia.

The Evisceration of Yugoslavia, Part 1: BNL, Yugo, and Eagleburger

 The Evisceration of Yugoslavia Part II: Nazis, Bilderbergers and Clinton Liars

The Evisceration of Yugoslavia Part III: CIA Islamists, Halliburton and Fake Massacres

The Evisceration of Yugoslavia Part IV: The Kosovo/Albania Golden Triangle

The Evisceration of Yugoslavia Part V: A Kangaroo Court