Who Needs God Anyway?

I think most people would say that while numbers claim that many people are getting religious or converting from one religion to another, in most Western countries the trend seems to be inverted. More people seem to be leaving religions completely or being totally inactive within their specified branch. So it might surprise you to learn that 4.8billion people or roughly 70% of the world’s population belong to one of the top 3 world religions and only 16.3% are not religiously affiliated and the difference is made up of lesser religions, this according to Pew Research Center.

Additionally, I think most of us, religious or not, have questioned God, gods, or the existence of some divine creator or deity.

Either asking:

how could you not believe, or

how could this God or that God or any god allow evil to exist or bad things to happen, or

how do you know God exists,

how can you believe in God, or

where’s the proof of your God or any god.

All these questions and more have been asked by people since the beginning of any religious thought, to question is just part of life.

Sometimes we may think or it may seem like we are the only person asking these questions. We are not. Theologians, philosophers, scientists, the lost, the found, the convinced, the converted have all pondered such queries, especially when life throws a challenge or obstacle our way. I would counter with this; what is the value in life if everything is easy, pretty, and happy? If all that you have is easy, pretty, and happy with nothing hard or ugly or awful how do you know that things are easy and pretty and happy? You don’t. Easy, pretty, happy just like hard, ugly, and awful are comparative terms. You cannot have pretty without ugly. You cannot have easy without hard. You cannot have happy without awful.

Some experts and most followers of the major religions will say that everyone needs religion, religion is how you learn morals and virtues and how to lead a good and just life. However, the historic accounts of most religious beginnings are steeped in violence, from genocide to scorched earth to raiding, enslaving and thieving. Some morals. For the Abrahamic religions extreme punishment is included, for both the Old Testament and Quran seem to prefer some form of a death sentence for most infractions and some violence or maiming or other extreme punishment for lesser offenses.

Thus, if you are wondering how you can truly assess either your own religion or religion in general as a valid and necessary part of your life or something that should be history, then Timothy Chen thinks he has the answer for you in his new book The Religious Transaction. Chen was raised in a religious home and continued to practice while off attending college. However, in early adulthood, Chen faced some challenges that led to him questioning everything about his belief system, which was based on his religion.

This questioning about his own beliefs and struggles to reconcile his issues with his religious conflicts led him to author the aforementioned book probably both as therapy for himself and the genuine belief that it will help others. While Chen seems to really try to be unbiased about religion and honest about his personal issues, challenges, emotions there does seem to be an underlying passive nudge to encourage others to question to the point of abandoning their own religious paths. Whether this is an intended ploy by Chen or just a natural reaction to his personal struggles and journeys I cannot say, but regardless it is present.

His religion as a child was christian and his primary focuses on are Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism, yet, he does include other religions scattered throughout the work. Personally, I have never been devout or zealous at all about religion, I believe that Organized Religion is a man made necessity in order to create a peaceful society for those in power. I also believe that while there are some truly devout and genuine believers, most religions and their sects have been usurped by individuals seeking power and glory and fortune.

The organization of the book is well thought out and flows. His approach to each aspect of religion is thoughtful and seemingly neutral. The neutrality is displayed in the pro-con discussion of each question with cited arguments supporting the pro or con respectively. And it is obvious that Chen has put thought and research into his writing. While it is difficult to research everything about a topic, I do feel like some of his research could have provided him with stronger arguments if he had dug just a little deeper. But all authors have to decide how much is too much or not enough and how much is “just right” or at least enough for the message. And I think that Chen did what he felt was just enough to support his arguments. That is not a critique if his purpose is more to get people to do their own research and questioning, but it is marginal if his purpose is to be the justification for changing religious paths.

In addition to arguments that are marginal to just enough, I believe that some of his points are more than over simplified. He admits to some over simplification, which can be excused considering the breath and depth of the topic if truly and fully investigated. One example is his argument that our similarity to some animals supports evolution over godly creations without any mention of the fact that the opposite is just as possible since religions with a “Creator God” believes that this god is responsible for the creation of the universe and EVERYTHING in it. So why wouldn’t such a god create similar living creatures, created or evolved they would both be from a collection of building blocks. He is also more willing to give benefits of doubt and early unearned credit to scientific discoveries but not to divine intelligent creation.

In short, it was an interesting read. I did hear some new arguments in the validity of religion debate, but I also felt the ball was drop and some arguments were skewed to the author’s current stances. However, he does make the effort to at least appear neutral and that effort is noteworthy.

*Copy Received For Review.

**Cover via Amazon.com

Questions Most Pondered

Top-10As I stated in my previous post, I have always had questions about the facts that have been taught and that have been repeated over and over again for decades. Facts that didn’t seem to make sense when combined with other facts. Or anomalies that got rejected for no other reason than at the time of discovery they were singular or supposedly singular finds. Add to this the arrogance with which modern scholars dismiss past stories as the ignorant imaginings of lesser men, judged such for no other reason than being from an earlier time. Coupled with the dismissing of oral histories and traditions simply because they are oral. And the dismissing of heroes and demi-gods and or times of gods living among men as not factual, more so based on our use and concept of those words than on any true evidence.

So as the title implies, I am going to share with you some of my most pondered questions. They are not in any specific order. For I believe that they are all, in their own way, of equal importance to our understanding of our past and our hope for our future.

Why are their 2 distinct construction designs visible at Giza if everything was built during the same dynasty?
If you observe closely all the structures of Giza, you will notice that a handful of structures are constructed using blocks that are much larger than even the 2 to 5 ton blocks that comprise a majority of the construction of the plateau.

Machu_Picchu_PeruWhy do scholars refuse to believe the stories of ancient indigenous peoples who claim that they did not build certain places that they occupy?

One of the most widely known cases of scholars consistently giving credit to peoples that straight out said was not their’s to take are that of the Incas. There are numerous early sources that include statements of verifiable Inca nobility and religious sects that deny their people’s construction of all or parts of places like Cusco and Machu Pichu.

How knowledgeable and intelligent were past peoples, such as the Neanderthals and Denisovans?
There are theories that propose that Neanderthals were the primary artists of a majority of European cave art and that Denisovans were the constructors of Gobekli Tepe. One of the newest theories that has been years in the making is that they were also accomplished astronomers and may have used those skills to date specific times, possibly as a method of recording historic events.

Mapa_de_Borgia_XV
Africa is at the top.

Why did ancient cultures with geography skills and knowledge orient to South and today we orient to North?
In addition to this tidbit, there are also references to a singular ocean or sea, which when you view the Earth from the South Pole as opposed to the North, is a very accurate statement.

Does coming from Orion or Sirius or Pleiades mean coming from the stars or merely refer to celestial navigational points?
The least hi-tech method of navigation is celestial. To use the placement of the stars and constellations along with the rising and setting of the Sun and or Moon to track one’s course. Something that the ancients did very well and with high specificity.

Why do scholars hold so tight to the Out Of Africa theory, preaching it as fact?
While it can be supported that Africa has a very rich evolutionary history, we do not know for certain that it is the only such place or that it is as completely the whole of homo sapiens sapiens origins as scholars claim. If for no other reason than that we have not put one-quarter the effort into looking in any other location for the evidence that we have in Africa.

Gobekli Tepe Enclosures via aa com ti
Gobekli Tepe

Why did pre-historic cultures, supposedly with primitive rudimentary tools work with such complex layouts and gigantic stones in their buildings?
If you have watched any of the documentaries on the construction of any ancient structures of note, such as the Pyramids of Giza or Stonehenge or Gobekli Tepe, you will hear that it was all done with the most rudimentary tools and or pure hard-labor of man. Another comment that you might hear is from construction experts of our time that claim that such undertakings are basically impossible with all our machines and technology today. Forgetting all that, what logic made working with 2- to 10- to 40-tons plus blocks of stone necessary?

Linear_A_cup
Linear A 

Why do scholars limit civilization’s history to the last ~5000 years denying and even ridiculing the mere mention of things like Atlantis?
If you listen to the ancients that are given status and credit by the scholars, all of them speak of epochs of time before them that were of greatness in terms of the feats of men and the standards of living of the peoples of those long ago eras. Yet, scholar after scholar refuses to even consider that there has to be some truth to their stories.

When, where and why did writing begin?
We define writing as the systematic use of symbols to convey our thoughts and ideas and information without the use of oral expression. But, what really makes up a writing system? And with all the unknowns how do scholars decide that one set of symbols is absolutely writing and other symbols are not. Especially, if their only rebuttal is that some symbols predate the labeled fact of writing originating in Sumeria around 5000YAG.

How much truth and historic fact can really be found in the lines of myths?
Many a child has been so lured by the lines of a story as to become obsessed with proving that it is a real story. That very obsession is how we discovered Troy. So why not put more faith in the reality of our ancients histories by remembering that absence of proof is not proof of absence.

These and more are the questions that feed my curiosity and kindle my desire to know more. It is the desire to find the truth of our history and the journey of our ancestors that inspires me to write this blog. It is my hope that at least one of my articles inspires you to begin or continue your own curious journey for the truth.

Photo Credit: via workplacelanguages.com
via en.wikipedia.org
via wikimedia commons

Where A Book Can Lead

Voices Of The Rocks SchochI have just finished reading a couple of books, one was actually a reread, well really it was a re-re-re-reread, but you get the point and it provoked some random thoughts. What books? Voices of the Rocks and Fingerprints of the Gods, respectively.

The first edition of Fingerprints of the Gods, was the first book that showed me that there were in fact real and serious people asking some of the same questions that I had always wondered and researching some of the same things that interested me. Reading that work opened up a whole new world to me, in terms of research and learning and growing. And I was hooked.

Fingerprints of the Gods 2002ed HancockI started looking for other such books, but only those that I believed were properly researched and truly passionate intellectual works. Ones that were not looking for proof of their desired whims and wishes, but those that noticed the textbook versions didn’t answer all the questions and even seemed to make no sense with the questions they did answer.

Seriously, given all the true examples of royal burials in Egypt, how to you claim that the great pyramids of Giza are tombs at all, much less only tombs with a straight face and any sense of truthfulness. The 3 great pyramids stand out like a sore thumb. It is like lining up all the breeds of cats in the world and at some random spot inserting 3 dogs and claiming cause they have 4 legs and fur and eat meat they are cats too!

And lots of academics, especially, anthropologists and archaeologists, are consistent in rejecting all differences as single exceptions or anomalies without considering the reality that all the single exceptions and anomalies actually create a larger body of evidence than the accepted pool of their textbook fact supporting evidence.

The other absurdity is that if you do not have hard evidence then it doesn’t exist. The fallacy in that is that an absence of proof does not prove absence. More importantly ignoring evidence does not mean the evidence is lacking. Denying evidence does not mean that the evidence is lacking.

Now you might wonder what any of this means regarding the aforementioned books. Both books discuss very well documented and accepted means of destruction of parts of the earth’s land areas. Some of those destructive means include massive flooding, earthquakes, volcanoes and land-slides; however, there are other means of destruction as well, natural and man-made from impact events and tsunamis to intentional destruction from razing and rebuilding conquered lands to scorched earth campaigns.

Logically, it is very possible to accept the likely probability that there are whole societies and complete civilizations that have quite literally been erased from history and existence. It is also, completely logical and probable to presume that evidence has been misinterpreted and misunderstood and thus mislabeled and misidentified and used to create or support an erroneous narrative.

The hypocrisy is in the scholars and experts that will say one thing in their textbooks and classrooms, such as how important water is to human existence and advancement and then deny that humans mastered water travel tens or hundreds of thousands of years ago. Logic would dictate that if something is so important to a group that the group would learn and master all uses that would benefit the group.For example, hunting, we did not just hunt for food, we learned how to utilize the whole animal for everything from food to adornment to clothing and tools and shelter; yet, we would not have used water for all its benefits?

Witching Badness

Bad Witch
Only Bad Witches Are Ugly

We have given you some background about witches and witch hunting, now let’s travel into the darker spaces.
Witches are people just like you and me. Thus, witches just like any other group of people have good people and bad people and people that might be good and do a bad thing or bad people that might do a good thing.
While most modern witches will tell you that all real witches are good witches, that is not, nor has it always been the truth. The kind of witch you are is completely self-determined.
Most witches do use their knowledge and craft for good and fully believe that they are only to do good and help those in need and to never bring harm. There are, however, others that use their skills to gain revenge or self-advantage or to acquire power or fame or just sell their skill for a price without any thought to its use.

So let’s take a look at some of the real witches that have given the Dark Side the limelight!

Let’s start with some that have certainly gone down in history as being mean, vengeful, vile or downright evil;
(Remembering that we do not have 100% proof of any of the accuracies of the stories)

Rasputin
Rasputin, The Mad Monk. Wikipedia Commons

1: Let’s begin with one of the most notorious evil figures of history, albeit it a modern one, that of Rasputin, The Mad Monk. Grigori Rasputin was a self-proclaimed Holy Man and close to the wife of the last Russian Czar, Nicholas Romanov II. Rasputin gained his status with Czarina Alexandra by ‘saving her son Alexi’. Due to his closeness to the royal family and what most saw as the tyrannical and backwardness of Czar Nicholas, Rasputin had many enemies and was accused of everything from Black Magic and witchcraft, to controlling the Czar through magic and witchcraft. Some of the stories supporting the claim that he was a witch and powerful in the ways of magic and evil, regard the tales of him surviving assassination attempts, the first in 1914 and then again in 1916, though eventually he did end up dead.

The second and final attempt to murder Rasputin was organized and probably carried out by conspirators that included the Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich and Prince Felix Yusupov. Their original plan was to poison him with cyanide laced dink and food, supposedly enough to kill 5 grown men. When the poison failed to have any effect, the men repeatedly beat Rasputin, surviving the onslaught, he was finally shot in the back. The story then goes, that Rasputin jumped up or got up violently and was shot 3 more times including in the head. Thinking they had succeeded in their murder, Rasputin was wrapped in some sheet or rug or such and thrown into the Neva river. Ironically, when his body was pulled from the river a couple days later, it was determined that he had been still alive upon entry into the water and that he showed signs of trying to claw or break his way out of the icy water and his actual cause of death was either drowning or hypothermia.

It is believed that Rasputin told the Czar, “If I am killed by common men, you and your children will rule Russia for centuries to come; if I am killed by one of your stock, you and your family will be killed by the Russian people.

Dame Alice Kyteler By Paddy Shaw
Dame Alice Kyteler by Paddy Shaw

2: Now let’s venture to the other side of Europe, all the way to Ireland, for our next lister! Scotland and Ireland both were less hysterical about witches than the rest of Europe, probably cause they took to Christianity in a little different way. However, in 1324 Dame Alice Kyteler, became Ireland’s first charged witch. Dame Alice was a wealthy moneylender whom had the unfortunate habit of outliving her husbands, all 4 of them. When her 4th husband began to fall ill, his children insisted that something was amiss.
The Church put Dame Alice Kyteler on trail for leading a secret society of heretical sorcerers. Not only was she the first witch to be accused in Ireland, she was also the first to be accused of relations with an incubus. Due to her allies in important positions or her black magic, she stayed ahead of her tormentors, even evading her death sentence by disappearing the night before. Never to be seen again.

witch-and-her-cat3: In 1566, on July 29th, Agnus Waterhouse became the first woman executed for the crime of witchcraft, in England. Agnus was one of 3 women charged with witchcraft crimes, one of the others being her daughter Joan. It was Joan’s testimony in part that led to the conviction of the other 2 women. It is said that Agnus did confess her crimes and claimed her familiar a cat turned toad, named Satan as her means of doing harm to others.

One of the unusual aspects of Agnus’ case is that The Church was not involved in her case. The investigation and trail were a secular matter, brought on by the charge that she did through the use of Black Magic cause illness to a certain William Fynne, who died on 1 November 1565. In spite of seeming to willing and openly confess to all of her witching deeds, it is reported that she broke down upon arriving at the gallows and even begged God for forgiveness.

George_Pickingill,_Cunning_Man
George Pickingill via Wikipedia

4: Cunning folk, was another term for wise men and women and healers and other helpers of life in the village that were outside the normal polite society tea invites. They provided potions and predictions and other help for those in need. There has been and will always be debate about whether cunning folk are helpers or cons and this is definitely arguable for our next lister. George Pickingill, whom was the self-declared ‘oldest man in England’ was rumored to have been a cunning man in Essex. He was remembered as providing healing assistance to some and coercing drinks and assistance from others under threat of cursing.

It is documented that he was not as old as his claims, and it is reported that he remarked once that it was easier for older people to get parish charity, something that we know he did receive. Some of the rumors claim that George in addition to being a cunning man, was also the leader of a coven of 9 witches of the Dark Arts. There has been no proof of this, that being said, it would be logical that if he coerced others into ‘helping’ him, he may have used the threat or implication that he had witches under his control. It was his “old man” claim that got him known across England, and only later through the research of an Eric Maple into the folk lore and magical/witch stories of Essex that George came to light as a sometimes respected and other times feared cunning man of note.

Tituba-Longfellow-Corey
Tituba via Wikipedia

5: Across the pond we jump to find one of the most famous of the witches from America’s most famous Witch Trial. In Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692, Elizabeth Parris and Abigail Williams began acting strangely. The doctor determined that it was the Devil’s work. Upon questioning, the girls accused 3 women that were considered lesser members of the community, an old lady, a beggar, and the first accused, tried and convicted, a slave named Tituba. Tituba was the slave of Rev. Samuel Parris, father of Elizabeth, and believed to have come from the island of Barbados.

Initially, Tituba denied all charges, then she claimed only to work protection spells, after breaking, however, she confessed to having dealings with the Devil and she named other witches in the town. Her confessions and testimony was bizarre and frightening to those who heard it, and thus began the hysteria that would lead to more than 200 accusations of witchcraft and the execution of at least 19 men and women, and the deaths during jailing of even more.

However, Tituba was fortunate, while she was indeed imprisoned for over a year, she escaped execution for her accused crimes. In 1693, an unknown person paid her jail fees, which the Rev. Parris had refused to pay, thus in essence purchasing her and upon her release she disappears from history.

la voisin
La Voisin by Antoine Coypel via metmuseum.org

6: Our last witch is La Voisin or Catherine Monvisin of France. She lived in France in the mid-1600’s with her husband, a jeweler, whose business went bankrupt. Possibly, through her husband’s customers, she gained some note for her premonitions. To make ends meet after her husband’s failure, she sold love potions, healing drugs, abortion drugs and even poisons. She also practised midwifery and arranged black masses where clients could confer with the Devil. In addition she was supposedly one of the leaders of the affaire des poisons, a cult that poisoned many members of the French aristocracy.

There were many nobles among her clients, the most famous one being Madame de Montespan, the King’s mistress.
In the 1670’s fear of witchcraft reached a fever pitch in Paris and La Voisin, along with her daughter and many others were accused and arrested. In 1680, she was burned at the stake at Place de Grieve. After her execution, it became known that her daughter revealed a series of secrets at the High Court, including the plot to poison the King. It was supposedly for Madame de Montespan that La Voisin attempted to poison the King for infidelity.

While this is the end of our list we do have some Honorable Mentions, more to give you something to ponder until the next article!

Anne Boleyn was the second wife of King Henry VIII. As Queen of England, Anne became an educated, extremely intelligent woman of power. She was believed to employ magical advisers and engaged in mystical practises. In spite of accusations of treason, adultery, incest and witchcraft, resulting in her execution by beheading, she is known as one of the most influential queens in history.

Angele de la Barthe, was a wealthy, noble woman of Toulouse, France, who lived between 1230 and 1275. She was an adept of Catharism, and thus deemed a heretic by The Church. She was accused of being a witch after the supposed disappearance of several babies in the area. After severe torture by the Inquisition, Angele confessed to sexual intercourse with the Devil, and producing a half-man, wolf-snake son, who feed on babies. She is presumed to be the first witch executed during the Medieval Witch Hunt.

Leonardtown, Maryland has a tale that some say is more lore and legend than fact, but is it?
Moll Dyer lived in the area in the late 1600’s and for whatever reasons, maybe cause she lived alone, her fellow townspeople accused her of witchcraft. As such a group of men chased her out of her own home one winter night and her body was found days later frozen to a large stone.

Theirs are just a few of the tells of the witches among us and we will be sharing more during the rest of the month.

 

Witch, Right Kind Of Wrong

White witch shared by joeyliars via We Heart It
shared by joeyliars via We Heart It

So, if The Witch is generally a misunderstood outcast or a strong, independent healer or ‘wise woman’, where did the bad wrap come from? There has always been and will always be outcasts and misfits and those that seem to live in their own reality and by their own rules. Yet, none seem to have caused as much mayhem and been so persecuted as those labeled “Witch.”

Who managed to create such an uproar as to cast a shadow across all those who were different, who thought different, who lived differently, who by their mere existence challenged the status quo?

The simple and ready answer would be; The Church.

But, that is not the complete answer, nor does it hold all the accountability required to justify the mass murder and torture of those whom their peers deemed as different and a threat.

Most of the people of the world through out recorded history have been uneducated villagers that have never traveled more than a days walk from their place of birth. For those of you that do not know, a days walk would be between 10 and 20 miles. In today’s world, it is truly hard to imagine anyone living their whole life and never venturing more than 20 miles from home. Most of us travel more than 20 miles one way for work each day. During the Dark Ages, life was about surviving and education and literacy were not valued as resources for surviving. During this time The Church gained an enormous amount of power and influence. The Church was supposed to “save the people” from all the bad things going on in the world at the time. In fact, even The Church was too ignorant to understand what was truly going on in the world during that time.

 

Plague-roman-empire
via sundayobserver.lk

The Roman Empire came to an end not just due to the political corruption and turmoil within its Grand Cities, but also due to the Roman Warm Period (BC 250 to AD 450) coming to an end and the Dark Ages Cold Period (AD 450 – 950) replacing it. During this time, the climate varied greatly from year to year. You did not know from one season to the next if you would have enough food to last. This of course decreased the health of people and livestock and thus increased the outbreak of diseases, all of which reeked havoc in the daily lives of most Europeans. Add in the decline in personal hygiene and health of the individual and thus the society was precarious at best. During Roman times, even the least members of society had access to Bath Houses, whether it be the smallest ones in the city or use of the only ones in the city on specific days or during specific times, everyone had access to bathing. As we know, today, bathing on a regular basis greatly improves one’s health and decreases the spread and duration of disease.

During this time, The Church managed, maybe with good intention or maybe not, to gain huge influence in the daily lives of the masses who were looking for answers and saving from what they could only see as displeasure of the Gods or God, be ye pagan or christian. Then things improved with the Medieval Warming Period, and as is typical of most people, they did not need The Church so much when things were like they were supposed to be. Thus, The Church’s power started to lessen. But as luck would have it, the 15th century ushered in the Little Ice Age (AD 1400 – 1850), however, here is what most do not know or understand about Ice Ages, they are not merely these periods of just ‘very cold weather’, in reality they are actually times of much greater weather extremes, so while some years winters seem to drop colder than ever and last longer than ever, so can the next summer be the hottest remembered with land so parched that nothing grows and in addition you can have furious storms on a grand scale that cause extra damage to people and their homes and livestock.

 

frost-fair-Thames-London
Frost Fair on Thames via historic-uk.com

Once again people turned to The Church, to save them, for once again, the scared and ignorant believed that it must be the work of some angered divine or that great Christian creation, The Devil, causing all the havoc. And The Church needed to deliver some scapegoat to keep the benches and coffers filled and insure their continued existence. Also, during this time The Church saw itself as its own nation, on par with Kings and Queens of real nations and had gained the privilege of granting Kings and Queens divine blessing, thus actually placing themselves above the monarchs of the day. This gave them higher authority with the masses, which would be devastating for those later to be named as “Witch.”

 

devil-telegraph-co-uk
via telegraph.co.uk

One of the very common practises of The Church, almost from its inception was its complete intolerance to anything or anyone that was different. The Church attacked everyone and everything that was different from their very narrow view of what God deemed worthy of life or sacred. A person could be deemed a heretic or possessed or evil for anything from asking a question about contradictions in The Bible, to having red hair, to being left-handed. In addition, The Church had completely misrepresented the man now known as Jesus Christ’s revolutionary ideas, which included at its root, equality for all people here on Earth, not just some promise of a better after-life in Heaven, and passed judgment based on a divine authority that it did not have. In their rush to keep people in fear and needing The Church to save them, they committed the greatest blasphemy of all, by forgetting and denying that God, as the divine creator, had created all creatures great and small, and insisted that their bogeyman, The Devil, was just as powerful as God, creating demons and demon spawn and possessing people and animals and causing disasters that The Church should have dutifully claimed were acts of God.

 

Malleus_maleficarum,_Köln_1520,_TitelseiteThe Devil, being an invented creation of The Church of course has no true historic evidence and neither is “he” a living, breathing man that can be dealt with face-to-face. This becomes an issue when small minded people need to be able to point the finger at and torture, abuse, and even murder someone out of fear, anger, despair and ignorance.

During this same period The Church was also dealing with the Reformation, which had divided the masses and split The Church. If The Church could be split, then logic dictated that The Church and her “men of God” were not as divinely blessed as they said they were, so what other lies had they been telling. In its defense The Church dug in its heels as it was losing its status and standing.  Maybe out of desperation or blind loyalty or just plain sheer malice The Church started smearing the image of those, mostly women, that were variously referred to as witch, wise woman, or cunning folk as being pawns and in league with The Devil. This campaign against witches was fueled by the publication of Malleus Maleficarum or The Hammer of Witches, basically giving Papal sanction for the hunting, torturing, and murdering of witches.

The-Temptation-And-Fall-Of-Eve-BlakeWhy, witches, you ask. Most witches had several things going against them in The Church’s eyes. First, most of them were women, most of whom were as fate would have it, single, whether it was cause they were not yet of marrying age with a beau, or they were widowed, or poor, or worst of all, they chose to live outside the norms for women of the time, not being dependent on the whims of male relatives or husbands. The Church was very much against women as equal persons and thus they were not to be independent, nor strong willed or strong minded, all things that benefited healers, midwives and wise women. The Church that owed its beginnings to strong, wealthy, independent women had turned their backs on them almost as soon as they received official religious sanction. Then proceeded to straight out attacking them, first under Pope Gregory I, who erroneously lumps 3 women together, identifying Mary Magdalene as a prostitute, then Eve was judged as being evil and committing the first sin, with that judgment all women were attached to sin and evil. Unfortunately, as The Church grew so did it disdain and literal hate for women.

In this light it is very easy to see how The Church, or at least some of her men of God would target and attack the real women in their villages and towns that had the strength, wisdom and knowledge to not fear men, men of God, or The Church, nor to bow down to them or cower in fear of their hate.

 

The (A) History Of Witches

witch on a broom clip artThe origins or history or witches is very much dependent on the researchers definition of just what a witch is. That might seem absurd, everyone knows what a witch is, most dictionaries define one as “a woman thought to have magic powers, especially evil ones, popularly depicted as wearing a black cloak and pointed hat and flying on a broomstick.” (See the clip art image on the left)

However, if you ask an individual that identifies as a witch or several, you are likely to get more definitions than you ever imagined existed. Thus, with so many modern ideas and concepts of a witch, it is easy to see how a researcher’s journey might actually wander ‘off-course’ in the search for the “fist witch” or the “origin of the witch.” Let us explore some of the journeys of academic witch-hunters.

Burning Joan of Arc
Burning Of Joan of Arc

In modern translations of The Bible, in English, Exodus mentions witches; Ch. 22:18 “Thou shall not suffer a witch to live.” (KJV) There are other English versions that use the word sorceress, however, there is scholarly debate about the original word and its actual meaning during the time of the writings. Mekhashepha is the original Hebrew word used in Exodus. What does it mean? More importantly, what did it mean to the Hebrews of the day.

Modern Hebrew does define mekhashepha as witch, however, the late Merrill F. Unger, in his book “Biblical Demonology”, identifies the root of the word, kashaph, as “mutterings”, specifying that it referenced witches whom practiced magic using incantations and mutterings. A different opinion can be found with Kenneth Kitchen, of the University of Liverpool, suggesting the root means “to cut” and thus refers to herbalists.

Jewish sages in the 3rd century BCE, in their translations used the Greek word pharmakia, which is considered by some scholars to refer to herbalists and to others such as Reginal Scott, author of “The Discoverie of Witchcraft”, to mean “poisoner”. There does seem to be an original view that magic or witchcraft was practiced in all times, but the oldest bans, such as in The Code of Hammurabi,  referred to those practitioners that used their “magic” for evil or harm, declaring a death sentence for anyone who used magic to harm another, without condemning those who cause no harm.

Wise Woman Healer
A wise woman

There seems to be a general consensus that those we label as witches in history, did not get a blanket judgment of being evil and “doing the Devil’s work” until the Christian era. One thing that most people of the modern era seem to take for granted is the existence of the Devil. The Devil is not an across the board creature of all beliefs and cultures. The Devil is a Christian concept, just like Hell. The Jews do not believe in the Devil and their The Satan is not just another name for The Devil. In their beliefs The Satan (sah-tahn) is an angel or “son of God” and no, he is not a “fallen angel” or rejected son, he is in fact part of the “justice system” of Heaven or God, and his role is along the lines of prosecutor or district attorney. Thus, for our point in the story, witches came before the Devil and not with or after in the history of mankind.

Before the Church deemed all witches to be evil, historic view seems to suggest that most “witches” were actually healers and or “wise women”. There are some who claim that Lilith, the first wife of Adam was a demon and the first witch and others that liken any of the “bad” goddesses or deities of ancient times to being the original witches, such as Medusa and Isis. This search for the first witch in some preconceived demonic female is more a reflection of personal belief of the researcher than in factual historic evidence.

Last Salem Witch Executions 22SEP1692
Last Executions Salem Witch Trials

The most destructive blow to the existence of people, mostly women that were different or social outcasts, was the publication of “Malleus Maleficarum” (The Hammer of Witches), this work penned by German Dominicans in 1486 condemned the most vulnerable and the most independent to a life of fear. Worse, though, for 80,000 poor souls it led to their imprisonment, torture and death for nothing more than fear driven ignorance supported by The Church and The Pope.

For more than a century “Malleus Maleficarum” sold more copies than any other book, except The Bible and led to witch hunt mania from Europe to the American colonies. What transpired over the course of the 16th and into the 17th century was nothing short of social genocide and a supposed “moral cleansing” of the villages and towns that wanted someone to blame and punish for just dumb bad luck and plain misfortune.

 

References:

  • Haaretz — https://www.haaretz.com/archaeology/thou-shalt-not-suffer-a-witch-to-live-a-murderous-mistranslation-1.5443682
  • King James Version The Holy Bible (public domain)
  • BibleHub — https://biblehub.com/exodus/22-18.htm
  • Jew in the City – Orthodox Unexpected — https://jewinthecity.com/2017/10/what-is-the-jewish-view-of-the-devil/
  • History Channel — https://www.history.com/topics/folklore/history-of-witches
  • Time — https://time.com/3398176/salem-witch-trials/

BOO!

puff of smoke le maitre usa
PC: Le Matire USA

So, yeah, I vanished without a trace…..or at least not much of one!

But, like some of the dead, I am back!

And in time for ghosts and witches and vampires and other scary characters!!

Are you ready for some frights of truth?!?!?

We are going to explore some of the real stories and legends that have given rise to some of the scariest thrills shared year after year, sure to keep you sleeping with the lights on and double checking all your doors and windows at night!

scary-desktop-backgrounds
scary desktop background

From dark forests and remote villages across Europe and into America, we are set to find out the truth about tales that haunt our nightmares and delight our desire to scare each other.

Are there more to some ghost stories than just our eyes playing tricks on us? And what made witches so scary in our past?  Do the dead really come back to ‘life’?

In addition to telling the tales with expected monsters of legend and lore, we are going to also share with you some scarier characters from the pages of history, that will make you question whom the real monsters are!

Gather your courage and pack up your wit as we set out to find the facts that scare us the most! Be scared of the shadows of the night, but be even more afraid of the ones in the day!

From Giza to Gobekli Tepe

Puzzle pieces
Photo Credit: Cassi Merten

One of the things that interest me most and inspires me to learn more and read more and research more are the enigmas around us. Those pieces of the puzzle of our story that don’t fit nicely where we are told that they should fit and the pieces that are sitting off to the side cause the ‘experts’ are not quite sure what to do with them, they cannot deny them, but there is no room for them in their solid unbending version of history.

Our story should never be set in stone, it should be allowed to grow and change and shift as we learn more and more about where we come from and how we got where we are. We must remind ourselves that we have not searched every millimeter of dirt and earth, we have not preserved every manuscript, document, monument that recorded the histories and legends of our ancestors, worse, we have destroyed more of our story than we have ever preserved. So we should never judge as if we have or know it all.

Pillar 43 via phys org
Pillar 43 via phys.org

One of the most illustrious examples of this arrogance among respected experts concerns Dr. Zahi Hawass, the former Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs in Egypt. He has been pompously insistent about the Sphinx dating from ~3500BC; one of his primary arguments when someone suggests an older date due to geological finds or other evidence regarding the pit and monument, is the utter lack of any other comparable structure proven to be older not just in the region, but anywhere in the world…

Gobekli Tepe Enclosures via aa com ti
Gobekli Tepe via aa.com.ti

Well, Dr. Hawass…..I present Gobekli Tepe, dated and peer accepted to be at least ~11,500 years old. As the pictures show it also seems to out shine the Sphinx in size and skill, both technical and artistic; thus, based on the liner procession that you claim limits the ability of the Sphinx to be older than ~3500BCE, I do believe that you stand corrected.

Hancock Hawass YouTube Still
via YouTube

If you might wonder what the esteemed, Dr. Hawass, would say in a real challenge to the dating of the Sphinx with the supporting evidence of Gobekli Tepe, you can do a quick Google search for the Hawass – Hancock Debate with keywords Sphinx and Gobekli Tepe. If you follow up. please keep in mind that Dr. Hawass wielded more power than God as Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs of Egypt in the field of Egyptology, when it came to researchers seeking access to sites and artifacts and other documents and information curated and maintained by the Egyptian government and affiliated institutions and organizations.

As for what makes Gobekli Tepe so special….

Gobekli Tepe Site via Graham Hancock
via GrahamHancock.com

First, the site, itself, is absolutely amazing, there are dozens of circular enclosures that were built over the span of centuries covering the area. There are a couple theories about the alignment of the enclosures being astronomical in nature. And a new theory that uses Pillar 43 to show the compilation of historic ‘event markers’ using astronomical alignments (the most accurate means of dating any moment in time).

Secondly, there is the craftsmanship of some of the pillars in some of the enclosures that are advanced by our standards, and phenomenal when placed in the context of how we see man 10-15,000YAG. (See above) Some of the pillars are ~3m tall and single pieces of stone. Most of the art work is protruding reliefs, in case you are wondering, it is easier to create sunken reliefs on stone as you are working a positive image as opposed to protruding reliefs that require the crafter to work in the negative.

fertile_crescent_via NASA Earth Observatory
Fertile Crescent via NASA Earth Observatory

Next, the location of the site. Gobekli Tepe is located in southeastern Turkey, or ancient Anatolia, and by some providences in the Northern reaches of the Fertile Crescent. That being said, there are things that we have believed in the past that we do not believe anymore and why is not clear. First, place names have changed over time and by those writing about previous events. Most of our histories are not written by witnesses to either the events or exact locations and times of the events. Up until the middle ages most scholars believed that most of the place names of the Old Testament were places much further north than are believed today.

An example of this is the description of the Garden of Eden, which most modern scholars and laymen alike would tell you is located in Iraq, based on the flow of the Tiger and Euphrates Rivers, some will even suggest that the location is the bottom of the Persian Gulf due to the presence of extinct and now submerged river beds there, however, the accounts tell us that the 4 rivers flowed away from the Garden, thus it is the headwaters and not the deltas that should be sought when seeking the Garden…and the headwaters of the Tiger and Euphrates are north, in the Armenian Highlands, in the East Taurus Mountains.

Neolithic Farming via radiolemberg
Neolithic Farming via radiolemberg.com

Finally, the standing theory is that once man learnt to farm, roughly 10,000YAG according to dates in the Fertile Crescent region, then he had the time and resources to become ‘civilized’ or to build and create cities and societies, yet the dates and information from Gobekli Tepe counter that theory, there does not appear to be any major or even minor organized farming at the site prior to the confirmed dates of some of the believed earliest enclosures. (Not all the known enclosures have been excavated and or dated.) Thus, it cannot be said that Gobekli Tepe was built because the local men had time on their hands due to their new farming lifestyles.

So what was the purpose of the enclosures? And why at some point after their constructions were the enclosures systematically filled in and buried? How and why were the enclosures built in the middle of nowhere void of permanent settlements? Who built the enclosures and where did their skills of construction originate? Interestingly enough, some of the more precise and technologically advanced of the enclosures seem to be the oldest ones with the skill and level of excellence declining over the subsequent centuries; this is something that some will tell you is clear at Giza as well. And questions that we will be taking up in future articles and podcasts.

To learn more check out the official site of the research staff The Tepe Telegrams or pick up “Gobekli Tepe Genesis of the Gods” by Andrew Collins. 

Denisovans, Another “Grandparent”

In previous articles we have discussed our connection to Neanderthals and how their public image, little by little, is improving. If you follow the news you will have heard a lot recently about a new member of our human family. Today we are going to introduce you to that new ancestor of ours, the Denisovans.

Denisovan Cave Entrance Siberia
Denisova Cave, Siberia

In a remote part of Siberia, the Denisova Cave, in the Altai mountains, remains of human habitation going back thousands of years was discovered. Since the initial discovery, research has continued right up to present day. The first amazing discovery that the cave yielded was the finger bone of a child, later determined to probably be female, her mtDNA was distinctly different from modern man and Neanderthal, however it also revealed that a common ancient ancestor was shared with Neanderthal.

More recent finds revealed not only interbreeding between Neanderthal and Denisovans, but also included an unknown human ancestor as well. Based on finds, it appears that the cave has provided shelter to hominins for more than 250,000 years, including the 18th century Russian hermit, known as Denis, whose use of the cave rendered his being the namesake. The cave appears to have been used by Neanderthals and Denisovans separately, as well as, co-habitation between them over the course of time as well.

Denisovan Cave Siberia
via Nature (IAET SB RAS)  

Right now it is the belief that Denisovans died out before Neanderthal, however, our knowledge of the species is very minimal at present. Originally, we thought that they were limited in habitation to Asia and the Pacific, even some indigenous peoples have up to 6% Denisovan DNA left in their genes. But, recently, the DNA profile of 400,000YO remains in Spain showed greater connection to Denisovans than Neanderthals, surprising researchers who expected connections to Neanderthal but not Denisovans. These remains are being used to speculate that Denisovans and Neanderthals shared a common ancestor from which both species descend from on their own separate evolutionary paths. Of course, much more evidence and research would have to be conducted before any theory could be considered more than speculation.

Denisova_Cave_lithic_and_osseous_artifacts_grey
Thilo Parg / Wikimedia Commons 

One of the more unique inheritances that modern humans have received from our Denisovan ancestors is found among the peoples of the Himalayas. It is a gene that allows them to live normally at the very high altitudes with the thin, low-oxygen air. This knowledge will hopefully led to more field work looking for more dwelling places and remains in higher elevations. Another feature of our Denisovan ancestors that while might seem unique, is not quite as unique as textbook human evolution would have us believe. We did not start out as little 3ft monkey-less apes and steadily and slowly evolve into our 6ft selves. We are not the tallest we have ever been, all our ancestors were not shorter than us. And Denisovans, along with homo heiledbergensis, were taller than at least their Neanderthal counterparts, with Denisovans being probably as robust as their Neanderthal cousins. While some homo heiledbergensis were at least 6ft tall, there are some opinions that Denisovans may have easily been over 6ft. Again, there needs to be more finds made and researched before true theories can be successfully floated in the evolutionary sea.

These recent finds, should remind us all that we truly do know very little about our story and that it is not a simple tale that can be wrapped up in a nice neat pretty little liner package. All one should need to do to know that the story of humanity is more like a web or bush than a one way flowchart is look around at school, at the office, at the market, at the cafe as see all the diversity before your own eyes. Just think of how many unknown stories are before you eyes everyday and then ask how can we think that we have any real idea about all those stories from our whole history!

Stepping Into The Pacific

South Pacific Google Maps
Google Maps Screenshot

Over recent years there have been a number of extraordinary discoveries across the islands of the Pacific with regards to hominoid history. And even with the peer-reviewed and rigorous work carried out by respected scholars for a number of universities and organizations the “dogma” about human evolution and diffusion remains virtually unchanged in the textbooks and lecture halls. And this specific ignoring of evidentiary objections to the dogma seems all but certain to eventually either burst forth with a dramatic rewrite of history or to add more fuel to the bonfire that is the huge collection of anomalous discoveries creating a light that outshines the dim glow of the lecture hall dogma.

Just what are some of these discoveries?

Flores-hobbit 2016 Science
Reconstruction of Homo floresiensis
by Atelier Elisabeth Daynes
KINEZ RIZA

Probably one of the better known of these anomalous discoveries is that of ‘the hobbit’ or homo floesiensis in 2004 on Flores. Research indicates that this hominid lived on the island within the last 20,000 years, long after we are told that we were the only surviving homo species, and had probably been inhabiting the island for approximately 700,000 years. This later date is based on recent discoveries of teeth and a jawbone found in 2016 on the island. Also in geographic relation, in 2016 tools were found on Sulawesi, an island north of Flores, whose dating suggests unknown hominid existence on that island at least 118,000 years ago.

While most scholars accept that homo erectus populated at least some of the islands up to 840,000YAG based on discovered tools and that modern man has been found inhabiting the Pacific Islands for at least the last 40,000 to 45,000 years, it is still more considered to be exceptions and not the norm for human migration.

Further south, the aboriginal people of Australia are considered by most to have arrived no earlier than ~30,000YAG, however, some research has suggested evidence might suggest 60,000 to 80,000YAG. Either way, it appears, based on the research, that the aborigines were the original populators of the continent. While it seems that aboriginals themselves do not give a ‘time value’ to their history, most of us can agree that even 30,000 years would be a fair “forever” to have existed in a location.

Aboriginal Austrailians
Aboriginal corroboree ceremony.
Courtesy of the Australian News and Information Bureau, New York

Most of the other islands are conventionally thought to have been much more recently settled by people, regardless of what the oral histories of the locals themselves may or may not claim. Mostly, this thought that most habitation of ‘new locations’ in the Pacific occurred in the last 3,000 to 5,000 years, is based on one staggeringly arrogant presumption….that, seafaring was impossible prior to that. A weakly founded assumption that still holds much sway even though some individual researchers have proven that simple boats and competent navigational knowledge would allow for the movement of man over vast distances, both of which have been knowingly possessed by the primitive islanders since their discovery by European explorers.

Priests_traveling_across_kealakekua_bay_for_first_contact_rituals
Artist John Webber

Many scholars suggest that the only way for prehistoric man to have gotten off of the collective landmass of Africa-Asia-Europe is to have been swept across the seas on storm debris. Really? And if presented with the concept of well how did they survive (reproduce) in the new location, the response is that a small group (obviously mixed gender and ages) was carried together on the storm debris. That is quite the perfect storm. Actually, that would be quite a few of these perfect storms. Another more plausible, but still problematic in its own right, theory is the use of land bridges and or shallow shoals during glacial maximums when ocean levels were much lower than today.

In order to have a storm with the strength to literally move people, you are usually looking at a storm that kills people, not one that simply floats them across the sea. And while land bridges can provide the means for man to venture into unknown and new territory, there is a time limit on the access, which creates issues for any human activity that deviates from said time windows. While it is important to make sure that research is solid and can stand up to scrutiny, it should be noted that there is no amount of evidence that can stand up to close-minded arrogant dogma and it is a disservice to research, history and mankind to allow such dogma unfettered reign over the study and understanding of the human story.

Can We “Write”

Man has been attempting to communicate probably since the beginning of time! Not always successfully, still not always successfully; but, he keeps trying and that is the important part. In the modern world, focused on having things, making things, trading things, we have used our priorities to define past communication styles and successes. We have declared that man did not need to have a writing system until he needed to count for money purposes.Thus we only recognize previous attempts at a written system of communication based on what we see as established commerce in a societal group or settled region with several groups, and we identify these groups that have developed a need for commerce as becoming civilized. We even teach that ‘counting marks’ and ‘bookkeeping’ were the first writing, completely discounting all the other reasons that we communicate in a written or graphically symbolic way. This is a very narrow and one-dimensional approach to studying and understanding our history and those that came before us.

geometric signs ice age europe
Genevieve von Petzinger

In the past, there has been some suggestion that written language, or graphical, forms of communications, has developed in different locales for different reasons. While it does seem logical that Sumerian and other Near-East civilizations began developing written forms for the sake of record keeping, bookkeeping and taxation purposes, it is thought that it is more probable that graphic expression in Europe formed out of religious need. However, the development of written communication is ambiguous at best, with some civilizations, Egypt being the best known, seeming to take up writing virtually overnight; and even the Sumerians appearing to take leaps and bounds in advancement once they appear on the scene.
Against this background, but without this focus, I was perusing YouTube and fell into the Ted rabbit-hole. While there I found a talk by Genevieve von Petzinger. She is a paleoanthropologist from Canada and for her Masters she researched the existence of commonality within the cave art of Ice Age Europe. I found her talk interesting and well researched and presented, please check it out for yourself. While finding merit in her study, it made me wonder about just what she might be on to, if the search were expanded.
greek writingIf one studies writing or written communications, then one is exposed to the very obvious and even the not so obvious development of symbols used to convey sounds, words, thoughts, ideas and concepts, or emotions. There are clear ‘improvements’ of the symbol collections used by a culture over time or from one dominant culture to the next, which is clearly displayed in a Google search image search result to the left. The similarities, as well as, the logical evolution of certain symbols over time, as the styles and methods of using and creating or putting down the symbols changed, in order to make the exchange of information, concepts, ideas, thoughts and feelings more efficient and thus the sharing broader, is evident.
Some of the symbols have lost some of their parts and others have changed their orientation. Some have become simpler in construction while others are not recognized when placed by the original symbol and others have remained virtually unchanged and some seem to have combined previous separate symbols into one new symbol. In addition, within a specific written symbol family you can find multiple variants; take for example, our own, I am sharing this information with you via the latin alphabet symbol family; however, if I were using another language instead of English, then I might use a differing form of latin, whether it would be French, Spanish, German, Slavic or something else the symbols would not be identical, but would be recognized to a greater or lesser extent even by a non speaker of the language. And it is those commonalities that are the first clues used to attempt to understand the symbolic communication symbols of those cultures that came before us.
One of the earliest proposed forms of such organized symbolic ‘written’ communication system are the symbols used by the peoples that we call the Danubian culture of Europe, scattered throughout the lands surrounding the Danube River of Central and Southeastern Europe. Since, the Sumerians are given the title of “the first writers in history,” something that I have always felt was premature to be sure, all other suggestions of writing are supposed to fall into alignment with the accepted dates for Sumerian development and example. Thus, the first rebuke of suggesting that the “Danubian script” was in fact writing was tentatively allowed on the basis that it would have been “given” to these peoples from the much more civilized Sumerians in their great trading. That rebuke did not hold water once the science proved that “Danubian script” was found in much earlier sediments than any possible interactions with Sumeria would have been possible. Not all researchers accept that these peoples had a language or a symbol system for recording or expressing their language, however, there are certain examples that support the theory of both a symbol system and a common and widespread use of the system. Researchers have cataloged over 50 symbols that they claim make up the Danubian script and some of them can be seen in different forms in later scripts from the region, such as Liner A and B.

Below is one of the published collections of the Danubian script, unfortunately, I cannot give credit to or for this image, as it is one that I have had in my notes for years and have unfortunately lost the credits for, but it shows symbols that were used on pottery and other pieces over a region that covers much of the Danube river basin area and surrounding areas from Bulgaria to Croatia.

Danubian Symbols
Danubian Script

I am sure that you can see some symbols in the image above that are very recognizable to you and others that maybe feel similar to something that you are familiar with. In addition, I am sure that you can see symbols that are similar to the “Ice Age Cave Art Collection” of G. von Petzinger, top and the ‘ancient Greek regional scripts’ among the Danube Script.

Join Us For The Journey

Background Conversations With Cassi Logo
Photo Credit: Cassi Merten

So while I have not been doing a lot of writing in quite awhile, I have still been doing a lot of reading, research, and following of others’ research and theories. I have, also, been working out my next pursuit in my head and on paper, so to speak. I have long thought that the “official” story of humanity has some major contradictions and errors in it. Even as a child, raised basically in a christian’ish belief system, I always had questions about things that made no sense to me or that did not seem to tell the whole story or answer all the questions that I had.

Questions like; if Adam and Eve were the first people then why did Cain need to be marked? Didn’t ALL the people (his family) already know who he was and what he did? And if everyone was going to descend from Adam and Eve then wouldn’t they all know who Cain was already? Of course some versions say that God sent them out to find wives, again if Adam and Eve were the first then where were they to go out to to find wives? And Noah, how was he supposed to fit pairs of ALL the animals in the world in his Ark? How was he supposed to get all the animals to his Ark? And again, if it is just Noah and his family (and different versions define the family in different ‘sizes’), where do wives after the flood come from?

Moving forward to school and studies the same half stories with glaring unanswered issues seemed to be more the norm than the exception. The most awful facet was the way that half-stories were not told as this is what we think, believe, or our best guess. Instead, it was stated as unquestionable fact that would beget harsh criticism and ostracization if it was indeed question or if the holes in the supporting facts were pointed out, some so big you could fly the Sun through.

Private Collection Artifacts
Photo Credit: Bekah Olsen

Such ‘facts’ as the Sphinx was built at the same time as the pyramids, yet, while it has in known times spent most of its time covered up to it’s neck in sand, it is the most weathered and repaired of the structures on the plateau. Or that if the Great Pyramid was a tomb, why is it devoid of ALL things that identify tombs fit for pharaohs? If we have only been ‘civilized’ for between 5,000 to 8,000 years, then who built Gobekli Tepe? If we are so advanced and the ancients so unsophisticated from a technological point of view, why can we not easily replicate their famous works?

When we hear their stories of the heavens and the earth and heroes and disasters, why do we assume that they are just made up tales to serve totally abstract purposes? Why is it so easy for experts to dismiss the ancients as being ignorant, in spite of the fact that evidence to the contrary is all around us, from the ruins of ancient cities to their stories and languages? What makes a culture or people “advanced” or “civilized” or “technological”?

In the upcoming articles, I will be looking into Egypt as a possible key between what is now and what was before and is now hidden from our story. We will look at new theories about the Giza plateau. We will also explore megalithic structures from Egypt and the Mediterranean Region to the British isles. We will explore connections between the Egyptian language and cosmology and similar concepts in other cosmologies from the Dogon to Gobekli Tepe to Indian Stuppas. We will look into the study that concludes greater genetic relations between Ancient Egyptians and modern Britains than Ancient and modern-day Egyptians. We will ponder anomalies such as tobacco and cocaine found in Egyptian mummies and hieroglyphs found in Australian rock carvings. We will consider pyramids from Asia to the Americas. In addition, we will consider similarities between pieces of cave art, pectoglyphs and geoglphys. All this is just the beginning of the journey, so come along for the adventure!

And let’s see where this leads us and where we end up.